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Lore:Orc

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Illustration of a typical Orc male

Orcs, also called Orsimer (Aldmeris: Cursed or Pariah Folk) in ancient times (as well as in modern times by followers of Trinimac),[1][2] and Ornim in their native tongue,[3][4][5] are the elves of the Wrothgarian Mountains, Dragontail Mountains, Valenwood, Skyrim, northern Morrowind, and Orsinium (literally translated as "Orc-Town").[6] They are noted for their unshakable courage in war and their unflinching endurance of hardships. Orcs have elven blood,[7] but are sometimes grouped into Goblin-ken or considered to be Beastfolk.[8][9][10][11][6]

In the past, Orcs were widely feared and hated by the other nations and races of Tamriel and were seen as nothing more than uncivilized beasts, savage barbarians.[12][13][14] The Orcs are as civilized as any of the other races, having worked hard to be seen as actual people.[15][nb 1] They have slowly won acceptance in the Empire, in particular for their distinguished service in the Emperor's Legions. Many Orcs in the Third Era have actually received an Imperial education as a benefit of serving the Imperial Legion.[15] Orc armorers are prized for their craftsmanship, and Orc warriors in heavy armor are among the finest front-line troops in the Empire, and are fearsome when using their berserker rage.[16]

Orcs have a lifespan similar to that of humans, possibly because according to the Nords, Shor passed a curse Orkey had placed on the Nords onto the Orcs.[UOL 1][17] Orc's blood has alchemical properties, and is also known as the "Rising Sun".[18][19][20] While many Imperial citizens regard Orc society as rough and cruel, the Orcs consider themselves to be stern, fair, and just.[15] The Orcs of the Iliac Bay region have developed their own language, known as Orcish, and have often had their own kingdom, Orsinium.

Orsinium, the home of the Orcs


OriginsEdit

 
Statue of Trinimac

According to most accounts, the Orcish race was created when their patron god Trinimac was transformed by Boethiah. He became Malacath and his faithful became the cursed folk, or 'Orsimer', and were henceforth known as Orcs.[1]

The Orcs say that Trinimac was enraged by Veloth and his cult trespassing on Tamriel during their exodus, and challenged his patron Boethiah to a duel. Just as Trinimac was about to succeed, a second Prince, Mephala, interfered and stabbed Trinimac in the back. Boethiah used the opportunity to curse Trinimac, transforming both him and his followers as well as casting him into a place of choking air and ash. There, Trinimac was reborn in his blood and rage and became Malacath, the God of Curses.[21] The Dunmeri account of events begins much the same, but Boethiah instead triumphs over Trinimac alone and devours him whole. He proceeds to take Trinimac's form and speak with his voice, and together with Mephala showed the Chimer the rules of the Psijic Endeavor. Once he finished, he relieved himself of Trinimac there on the spot. That excrement became Malacath, and his followers became the Orcs.[22][23] A disguised Malacath, when told one of these accounts, derided the story as being too "literal-minded".[24]

There are several unexplained inconsistencies in these accounts. While some stories claim that Trinimac's duel with Boethiah occurred in the Dawn Era,[2][25] Saint Veloth's exodus to Morrowind, which preempted it, was safely within the Merethic Era.[26] Several accounts also exist that seem to imply certain tribes of orcs were present in Tamriel before Aldmeri explorers ever set foot on the province, and thus before the Orcs' supposed creation.[10][27] Orcs claim they have lived in Skyrim since before the Nords came, and that Malacath blessed the lands solely for them.[28]

While there is speculation that the 'Orcs' discovered by Topal the Pilot may have been a wholly different kind of Cursed Folk,[1] oral traditions within both the Wrothgarian Orcs and Wood Orc societies claim that they have lived in that land since the Dawn Era, long before the Altmer or Bosmer settled there.[29][27] Whether or not they were always there, they have eternally felt compelled to return "home" to the Wrothgarian Mountains.[UOL 2] Some Orcs have even gone so far as to claim that Malacath has been lying to them and that Trinimac still lives, including notable figures like Gortwog who very briefly made this the official doctrine of Third Orsinium. The conflicting nature of these stories, alongside the diaspora of Orcish culture, has made finding a single agreed-upon origin for the Orsimer an exceedingly difficult task.[2]

Another version of Orcish origins is presented in the myth detailed in From Exile to Exodus by Tarvyn Aram. During the Velothi exodus, the Velothi came across the followers of Trinimac, who outnumbered them three to one. While Trinimac remained silent, his followers called the dissidents rebels, traitors, and filth. Boethiah then intervened, revealing the truth about the followers' identity as Orsimer. Boethiah then gestured with her hands, forming a triangular sign, revealing the path to achieve an Exodus. As the attendees witnessed this, the veil was lifted from their eyes. They no longer saw Trinimac but Malak, the King of Curses. Similarly, Boethiah appeared as Trinimac, the Warrior of East and West, bearing the burden of separating divinity from her beloved. Enraged, Malak cursed and attacked Boethiah, causing her to collapse in agony, seemingly lifeless. However, Mephala and Azura intervened, aiding Boethiah in casting out Malacath and his curse. The followers were divided among the Daedric Princes, with Boethiah ultimately transporting the remaining followers to the Ashpit in the Oblivion. There, Boethiah confronted Malacath once more, defeating him and reshaping him into Mauloch, guiding the Orcs to find strength through adversity. With a single precise strike, Malacath was cleaved into the ashen wastes, his bones forming a new foundation. His blood mingled with the ash and soon the realm was his. Boethiah then spent time with the surviving followers, their skins changing under her teachings and the influence of the realm. When Malacath's spirit reappeared, Boethiah addressed him, urging him to seek glory through struggle and to understand the Will Against Rule. She then formed a powerful sign with her hands, encapsulating Malacath and his followers into a singular sphere, casting it back onto the mountains of Nirn. Together, Boethiah and Mauloch tested their chosen peoples, leading them toward an Exodus.[5]

HistoryEdit

 
Baloth Bloodtusk and Gaiden Shinji, assassinated by King Joile's general during the Siege of Orsinium
 
Gortwog gro-Nagorm, King of Orcs and Warlord of the Subterranean Realms

First EraEdit

The Orcish people were ostracized and persecuted for much of their early history. Many ancient Orcish champions fiercely defended whatever borders they could carve out, such as Gromma the Hairless and Emmeg Gro-Kayra, the son of Malacath who defended the clan of Normar Heights, near present-day Northpoint.[30][31] Another tribe of Orcs were known to have lived around Lake Halcyon before being displaced by Ayleid refugees from Nenalata between 1E 375 and 1E 452.[32] Many other tribes chose to remain in, or even underneath, the Wrothgarian mountains of High Rock, such as Clan Morkul.[33] Many other orcs chose to settle elsewhere. For example, the Wood Orcs chose to remain within Valenwood, while Orcish raiding parties had settled as far east as Morrowind and as far as the northern wastes near Saarthal of Skyrim, where they clashed with Chimer and Atmorans.[34][2]

Sometime between 1E 668 and 1E 700, High King Wulfharth, made peace with the Orcs, who centuries before counted among his enemies, and forged an alliance between the two races in order to bolster his forces. The combined Nordic and Orcish army would clash against the Dwemeri armies at the Battle of Red Mountain.[14]

During the War of the Singers that took place on Yokuda, Orcs were part of the outcast and brigand army of Emperor Hira that sought to eliminate the Sword-singers.[35]

After the rulers of the Summerset Isles set free the enslaved betmer during the Camoran Dynasty of the First Era, many Orcs and other goblin-ken fled north to High Rock after being allowed to settle north of Valenwood. This sudden influx of clans and people led directly to the founding of the first Kingdom of Orsinium in the Wrothgarian Mountains.[6] The exact dating of this event is unclear, but various pieces of evidence place the founding of Orsinium in the ninth or tenth century of the First Era.[36][37][13] No matter what, Orcs had no province of their own and were thus viewed as a constant threat to the other races, especially once the Ra Gada would arrive and further displaced many Orcish clans of Hammerfell.[6]

In 1E 874, when Warlord Thulgeg's army of Orcs and Goblins was driven from Hammerfell by the Redguards, the Bretons denied them passage through Bangkorai Pass and forced them to flee northeast, trudging all the way through the Dragontail Mountains before they finally reached Orsinium.[37][38] Tensions would only continue to fray as Orcish raids on human settlements increased in frequency, despite Orsinium's subversive actions angering Malacath.[39] In the tenth century of the First Era, King Golkarr of the Orcs amassed an army and was determined to seize control of the Bjoulsae River,[40][6] upon which the nomadic Breton Bjoulsae River Tribes lived.[41] They intended to force Wayrest to pay to regularly to use the river for travel and trade.[6]

In 1E 948, King Joile of Daggerfall used the extremely antagonistic actions of the Orcs to his advantage, forming an alliance with the Order of Diagna and Sentinel. Their combined might laid waste to the first Kingdom of Orsinium, which had long since lost the favor of Malacath.[39] This event became known as the very first Siege of Orsinium[36], though the Direnni claim to have actually been the first to sack the city.[42] After driving the Orcs out of High Rock, Joile would go on to betray his allies and attempt to invade Hammerfell.[43]

Second EraEdit

The concept of Orsinium still endured in Orcish society, however, and a second Orsinium was later accepted as a territory of the Second Empire during the reign of the Akaviri Potentate Savirien-Chorak.[6][44][45][46] This only lasted until the assassination of Savirien-Chorak in 2E 430, after which Orsinium lost its status and protection as an Imperial territory. This resulted in another sacking of the city in 2E 431, an assault which was spearheaded by the Bretons of Shornhelm.[47][6][48]

The Bretons once again seized control of the land and scattered the Orcs across northern Tamriel.[49][50] Some Orcs chose to retreat to their strongholds in northern Wrothgar, while others set out to reassert ancient territorial claims in Skyrim. Chief Yashnag gro-Yazgu in particular succeeded in carving out a chiefdom in western Falkreath that persisted until 2E 467, when Yashnag and his champions were slain by Hakkvild Yashnag-Slayer, the Jarl of Falkreath, in a ritual of single-combat.[50]

In the mid-Second Era, Orsinium was controlled by the Daggerfall Covenant, and was given to Kurog gro-Bagrakh's clan as a reward for helping King Emeric defeat Ranser, the king of Shornhelm. Kurog would end up becoming the king of Orsinium, which subsequently joined the Second Daggerfall Covenant. [49][48] The Orcs aiding King Emeric would push Ranser over the edge, and he ordered his Spymaster round up many Orcs in Rivenspire and had them interrogated and executed. The Spymaster would end up murdering hundreds of innocent Orcs during the course of Ranser's War as a result.[51] [52] Race relations between the Bretons and Orcs improved during the Covenant's existence,[53] despite the persistence of anti-Orc sentiment.[54] King Kurog himself was brought down by internal Orcish politics - largely of the making of his own mother, playing off the religious extremist factions of Trinimac and Malacath and culminating in an attempt to massacre other Orcish chieftains and frame Kurog's former friend turned critic, Bazrag gro-Fharun: the latter in fact was entirely innocent of any plotting, and was chosen by the surviving Orcish chieftains as King of Orsinium to replace the fallen Kurog. Despite his own distaste for city life and preference for the traditions of independent strongholds with no central ruler, Bazrag accepted the title, kept to Kurog's international agreements and remained part of the Daggerfall Covenant.[44]

Third EraEdit

Another incarnation, sometimes called Nova Orsinium, was created by Gortwog gro-Nagorm in 3E 399.[55] He gathered enough power to force Emperor Uriel Septim VII to formally recognize Orsinium as an equal of the other lesser kingdoms of the Iliac Bay region.[13] During the Warp in the West, Orsinium was one of the four kingdoms to gain control of the Numidium, conquering the surrounding kingdoms and baronies before swearing loyalty to the Emperor.[56]

Near end of the Third Era, Nordic warriors alongside Orcish mercenaries besieged House Redoran of Morrowind over rumored territorial claims.[57]

Fourth EraEdit

Early in the Fourth Era, Orsinium was once again sacked by the Redguards and Bretons. The Imperial Legion, surprisingly, sided with the Orsimer in this conflict and would go on to save and transplant many Orcish refugees into other Imperial territories, like Skyrim.[24] Orsinium was later rebuilt in the mountains between Hammerfell and Skyrim.[58] By the time of the Great War, Orcs were fully integrated into Cyrodiilic society. Orcs were able to rule as vassals under the Empire, such as the gro-Batul dynasty of the Bloodfall Kingdom.[59]

SocietyEdit

 
An Orcish Stronghold
 
Orc Wise Woman

Even though Orsinium is considered the home of the Orcs, they are known to have settlements all around Tamriel. At the time of Kurog's rule, the whole of Wrothgar was dotted with Orc strongholds. The isle of Betony was inhabited by the Seamount Orcs in the mid-Second Era. The Orcs often settled in Skyrim, founding strongholds like Dushnikh Yal, Largashbur, Narzulbur, Mor Khazgur, Cradlecrush and Grezogbur‎.[60] The height of Orcish power in Skyrim came in the mid-Second Era when Yashnag gro-Yazgu established an entire chiefdom in Falkreath before he was killed.[50] Many tribes inhabit Valenwood, known collectively as the Wood Orcs, whereas Iron Orcs inhabit the Dragontail Mountains, particularly the region known as Upper Craglorn.[61][44] The Orcs of Wrothgarian Mountains are known as the Wrothgarian Orcs.[62] In the northern hills of Morrowind, there are the Mountain Orcs,[63] and Malahk-Orcs.[UOL 3]

The Orcs have considered themselves outcasts like their deity Malacath, and this is reflected in much of their culture. For instance, unlike other races, the Orc tradition is to have weddings take place at midnight.[64] Traditional Orcish society is centered around stronghold settlements, each one striving for complete independence in all matters. Orc society is based on polygyny—a stronghold's tribe is controlled by a single chieftain: no other males are permitted to take wives or father children. The chieftain is replaced by whichever one of his sons grows strong enough to challenge and kill him. The strength of a tribe (and the favor granted to it by Malacath) depends heavily on the personal strength of the chieftain.[65]

The law of the Orcs is based on the Code of Malacath, an unwritten law. The Code prohibits things such as theft and unwarranted violence, but also places heavy emphasis on honor and personal strength in resolving conflicts. Orcs do not use imprisonment as punishment: those who violate the code must either pay material compensation or pay a "blood price", which entails allowing the one they offended to spill their blood until the price has been satisfied.[65] Some Orcs use a scale for weighing out blood price amounts, with different gold weights labeled "Chief", "Wife", and "Warrior".[66] In other cases, some Orcs keep detailed a record of all of the grievances and insults their family has suffered, with dates, specifics, and planned responses.[67]

Orc women are expected to contribute to the strength of the stronghold just as men, as warriors, hunters, or herbalists. Traditionally, the Orcish art of smithing is done by the women, and a chieftain's second wife is called the forgewife for this reason. The chieftain’s first wife is known as the huntswife and is responsible for patrolling the stronghold and providing the stronghold with game. Other roles for wives include the hearthwife, responsible for more domestic duties in the stronghold and shieldwives, who can serve more as bodyguards to the chieftain. A wise woman handles a tribe's spiritual matters and healing needs. Some clans, such as the Kalmur, physically represent the bonds and memories of their stronghold as a "totem spirit". This spirit is protected by the clan wise woman, who will in turn commune with it for advice when necessary.[68] However, Orcish society is still very patriarchal. All stronghold women are either the wives or daughters of chieftains, with the exception of the wise women, who are typically the mothers of chieftains.[65][28] Daughters of the chieftain are usually traded to other strongholds to marry other chieftains.

 
Orcish Legionnaire (Morrowind)

However, many Orcs seek to escape traditional life in the strongholds. Orc women may want to escape being "just another wife" to the chieftain. They leave to join the Imperial Legion, see the world, or otherwise seek their fortune; some eventually return to the strongholds, but many do not. Orcs who do not live in strongholds are derisively called "city Orcs" by those that do, and are considered soft outsiders just like non-Orcs.[65] Given their history of provincial homelessness, frequent military service, and the demand for their craftsmanship, it's not surprising that Orcs have traveled all around Tamriel and are now a commonplace sight in cities throughout.[69][70][71][72] Still, Orcs who live in the cities with other races are likely to face prejudice. Their appearance makes interbreeding with other races of Tamriel so rare that it is commonly thought impossible.[73][74]

Vosh Ball, also know as "Courage" Ball, is a traditional sport played by the Orcs where two teams of six are armed with three balls each and throw them at each other until only one side is still standing. Early iterations of the sport used a metal or wooden ball, but they have since been replaced by leather ones.[75] In addition to games, Orcs have their own holidays and traditions that they celebrate as well, such as Malacath's Vengeance Day[76] and the annual New Life celebration thrown by the Seamount Clan, the Stonetooth Bash.[77]

Vaia's Golden Ash is considered the symbol of the unity, heritage and strength of the Orc people.[78]

Other Orcish VarietiesEdit

Wood OrcsEdit

 
Wood Orc

The Wood Orcs are Orcs that live in the province of Valenwood, rather than the ridged mountains across the north. Much like their cousins, the Wood Orcs value strength and honor, but like their neighbors, the Bosmer, they also strive to improve their agility and mobility in the tricky environment. Beyond their geographical differences and personal goals, the Wood Orcs are Orcs through and through, stubborn, blunt, and brutish. They are known to worship Malacath, the Daedric Prince of Oaths, or in this case, Mauloch, the God of Curses.

Iron OrcsEdit

 
Iron Orc and Welwa

Iron Orcs, also known as the Osh Ornim, are an isolated Orcish civilization native to the Dragontail Mountains of Craglorn. They are known for their stone worship and their savage brutality, and are based in the Nordic ruins of the Valley of Scars. They tame Welwas, Wamasu and Trolls as war beasts, and primarily use iron arms and armor. They were also adept at alchemy and usage of nirncrux. They are culturally separate from other Orcs, and tend to cling to the old words more than most other Orcish cultures.

Mountain OrcsEdit

Mountain Orcs were an Orcish civilization considered local by the people of the Morrowind. They were considered enemies of the native Dunmer. A group known as the Malahk-Orcs was an isolated Orcish civilization known to inhabit the northern hills of Morrowind. Little is known about them, but they were described as tougher in comparison to the Orcs of the Orsinium. They were active as of Third Era and occasionally entered conflicts with the House Dunmer.

According to The True Nature of Orcs, the early Orcs warred against the Nords and Chimer. During the War of the First Council, during the First Era, both the Dwemer and members of the House Dagoth invited Orc and Nord clans as allies and held northwest Morrowind, an area where Malahk-Orcs were known to live.

In 2E 582, the King of Orsinium, Kurog gro-Bagrakh absolved the Oathbound Clan of their crimes and leased them Malak's Maw, a mountain valley in the Valus Mountains and west of Narsis for one year.

Several Daedric Ruins in Vvardenfell, such as Ashurnibibi or Zergonipal were inhabited by Orcs as of 3E 427. Ashurnibibi also had Orc presence in 2E 582.

City-OrcsEdit

City-Orcs, also referred to as city Orcs, are Orcs that have been assimilated into other cultures. Orcs who do not live in strongholds are derisively called "city Orcs" by those that do, and are considered soft outsiders just like non-Orcs.

Many Orcs seek to escape traditional life in the strongholds. Orc women may want to escape being "just another wife" to the chieftain. Many leave to join the Imperial Legion, see the world, or otherwise seek their fortune; some eventually return to the strongholds, but many do not. Some City-Orcs view the ways of clan Orcs as too intense. Such individuals may have become too used to the finer things in life, and tend not to hold their customs and traditions in high regard.

City-Orcs typically assimilate to the traditions of the places they decide to settle in. For instance, the Orcs of Daggerfall tend to follow the traditions and customs of their Breton neighbors. Many former Orcish members of the Imperial Legion retire to the provinces as veterans, where their rights as citizens are protected by Imperial law. Nevertheless, some local populations still consider them to be uncivilized barbarians. Some City-Orcs, such as the Bloodfall Queen Urzoga gra-Batul or the Lords and Ladies of the Shurgak Clan, have achieved the status of nobility within Cyrodiil.

The inhabitants of Orsinium are specifically known as Orsinium Orcs. The term "city Orc" was also sometimes used by stronghold Orcs to refer to Orcish citizens of Orsinium, even if those Orcs did not assimilate with other races and still adhered to Orcish customs and traditions.

Orc ClansEdit

           

  • Agluk
  • Bagrakh
  • Barkbite
  • Barzanakh
  • Bragosh
  • Burska[79]
  • Daleforge
  • Darkfern
  • Drublog
  • Enclave

CultureEdit

Martial TraditionEdit

Warfare and conflict is a common theme among the Orcs and is deeply ingrained into their culture. According to some, an Orc is more likely to strike first than start up a conversation, and that strike is always meant to maim or kill. Outsiders have observed that Orcs demonstrate unshakeable courage in battle and uncompromising endurance in hardships that would overwhelm anyone of another race. Fierce and strong, the Orcs ability to wage war cannot be underestimated and their physical size and prowess make them gravitate toward two-handed weapons.[80] Orcish battle preparations are said to be a fearsome sight, especially for those used to the strictly-regimented organization of traditional armies. Drinking, clashing weapons on shields, burning of offerings to Mauloch and guttural, violent war-chants whip them into a blood-crazed frenzy.[81]

In war, tribal Wood Orcs wear red face paint that is made from sacrificial blood, wet clay and ground herbs. The very act of creating this paint is ritualistic and prayer-like, and is an honor granted to only a handful of the chieftain's daughters.[82] Other Wood Orcs of Malabal Tor revered an ancient red-water spring they discovered deep underground. called the "Blood of Mauloch". These Orcs built the settlement of Abamath around the spring, believing Mauloch gave his blood to empower them. While the original settlement was destroyed, many Wood Orcs who trace their ancestry back to Abamath paint their faces red, hoping to cleanse their shame with displays of renewed ferocity.[83][84]

Though widely despised and feared, Orcs have nevertheless slowly won acceptance across the Empire and a fierce loyalty runs deeply through their culture.[80] By the late-Third Era, many Orcs leave their strongholds and use their talents to serve in the Imperial Legion, who welcome their skill in battle and smithing.[85]

MagicEdit

Some parts of Orcish society believe they aren't suited to practice magic, and Orcish mages are generally less common compared to the warriors class.[86] Despite this, their study of magic is quite distinct from the magic that is learned in traditional elven schools. It is said to come from the "meat and bones" of the physical world, bordering on Blood Magic. All wise women in Orcish strongholds learn to use blood in their craft, believing it the best source to fuel their healing spells after engaging in combat.[68]

LanguageEdit

Orcish is the language of the Orcs, and evolved from Old Orcish. While it is unknown precisely when the transition from Old Orcish to modern Orcish took place, it could not have occurred any later than 3E 417, by which time modern Orcish was well established in the Orcs of High Rock and Hammerfell.[87] There is evidence suggesting the Old Orcish language was largely forgotten by 2E 582.[88] Orcs have no concept of goodbye, and instead they come and go as they please.[89]

FoodEdit

Main Article: Orc Cuisine
 
Balagog, the most renowned chef of the Fourth Era
 
Stonetooth Bash Chicken

Because of their tight-knit tribal communities, the Orcs cook many communal meals where a large central dish is shared among many individuals. [90] The Echatere serve as the primary lifestock for the Orcs, living in the Wrothgarian Mountains, not only do the Echatere provide meat and fur to feed and keep the Orcish people warm, they also provide milk, and serve as their primary beasts of burden.[91]

Echatere cheese, along with spiced ale, play a role in Orcish marriage proposals. An Orc chief who wants to woo a wife must first gather these and present them to the maiden as a present as part of the courting process.[92]

Architecture and ArtEdit

 
An Orcish tapestry
 
Orcish wall-mounted masks

Orcish architecture is pragmatic given their history of frequently being attacked by their neighbors. While Redguard and Breton architecture features engravings, gold highlights and domes to create beautiful buildings, Orcs cannot afford such luxury. Instead, Orcs place much greater value on building quickly and building strong.[93]

Orcish towns and strongholds tend to be built next to natural resources, and may vary depending on the region or location. Several Orcish cities and strongholds in High Rock are made out of stone, while other strongholds, especially those in Skyrim, are made out of wood. Orcish buildings and walls are built to withstand siege, making it extremely difficult to root out strongholds as they can only defeated with the strongest martial forces. Nordic jarls have been known to die in vain trying to destroy them, and when they succeed they are often rebuilt a few generations later unless a fort is maintained nearby. The upkeep of forts makes it hard for the Nords to prevent the strongholds from returning, and thus Orcish strongholds have been known to persist for thousands of years.[50]

The stronghold at Cradlecrush was unable to be conquered by Nordic armies, even after the natural resources of the stronghold's mine dried up.[50] King Kurog's Orsinium during the second Era was a impressive feat of architecture: the city itself contained plumbing, bath houses, a water wheel, many businesses, and guild halls for the Mages Guild and Fighters Guild. There were additional plans of adding buttressing to the aqueducts, improving roads, and expanding public housing.[94]

While they are renowned for their smithing skills, Orcs are also skilled artisans and craftsmen in other areas. Many of their crafts are themed around their rugged outlook, and reflect their unique lifestyle and hardships. Orcish craftsmen are known for their ability to create delicate and beautiful artwork and tapestries,[95] which tend to depict ancient Orcish heroes, battles, and hunts. Statues of Orcish figures are made out of bronze or stone, and take artisans hundreds of hours to build.[96][97] They are known to carve heavy, roughly hewn effigies of bears and mammoths but their significance is unknown.[96] Orcs announce great events by erecting symbolic totems. These totems have various purposes, such as marking territory, heralding war or foretelling battle.[98]

During the mid-Second Era, much of their architecture and craft was inspired by the Tilted Square philosophy. This abstract doctrine, based around sacred geometric shapes, synthesized the teachings of Malacath into their work. Proverbs such as "Betrayal is inevitable", "Orcs must be constantly looking askance", or "Our enemies speak fair before they act foul" heavily inspire their approach. Chevrons were considered the symbol of deflection, while the Tilted Square itself was seen as the symbol of instability. These maxims resulted in curious outcomes.[99] For example, axes are used to fell objects, so Orcs naturally inscribe them with symbols of instability. Conversely, boots are required to keep them stable, so they are adorned with the chevron: upright for stability, or inverted for grip.[99] Using three-stanza epitaphs, was a common practice when it came to Orcish monuments and memorials; many of the monuments found on Sorrow mountain contained these stanza epitaphs.[88]

Fashion: Armor, Weapons, etc.Edit

 
Male Orc Fashion in 2E 582

Orc clothing come in a variety of styles. Modern orcs tend to use a bias-cut-placket clothing,[100] or wear clothing befitting their role in society. Forge-wives may look to wear clothing made out of non-flammable gray scathecraw fibers that protects from forge embers or molten metal while performing their tasks.[101] To cover a suit of chainmail, orcs may opt to use robes.[102] For the wealthy, these robes would be made out of silk or other fabrics, which are then accented with steel or gold to convey the wearer's wealth and power.[103][104] Some orcish clans are known to tattoo themselves.[105]

 
Female Orc Fashion in 2E 582

Orcs are famed for their skill in smithing. They consider themselves (as well as by many others) to be the best armorers in the world.[106] Orcish armor is built to be functional and utilitarian in nature. It is also typically thick and very heavy in that the sturdiest of other races may have difficulty moving in it. Orcish frames are well suited for their style of armor, whose tremendous weight they are said to work with since basically childbirth. Indeed, any difficulties wearing it such as immobility they see as yet another hardship they must endure. Their armor, especially their gauntlets and sabatons, are typically jagged and sharp with the intention of being utilized to cause misery upon enemies it may clash with. Fur is sewn into the folds to prevent self-inflected damage from their armor.[107] Words that have been used to describe the various types of orcish weapons are terrifying, jagged, crude, irregular, or unsubtle.[107][108] A certain variety of Orcish medium armor based on High Elven designs can be described as ornate steel plate worn over cloth padding, and the metal is light and comfortable in comparison to other steel plate armors. It is typically the medium armor of choice for both nobles and mercenaries in both east and west Tamriel, and requires paying a premium price to obtain.[109][110]

Orcs are well known for working with Orichalcum, which they use to forge armor and weapons. Like the rest of their creations, the resulting armaments are heavy and require great endurance to wield, but offer peerless strength and durability.[111] Orcs of the Trinimac Cult use ebony as a material for their armors and weapons in token of Lorkhan's blood when Trinimac tore out his heart. They believe that Zylvara, the great eagle bore the Golden Champion to his reckoning with the man-demon Quarvish.[78] Orcs also have skilled tanners who have a unique skill in tooling leather for exceptional flexibility and toughness.[111] Orcs are fond of shields, so much so that they have many traditional sayings dedicated to wielding them.[112] Though some orcs may shun magic, they recognize the utility of enchanted equipment and find enchantments to be visually appealing.[107]

Domesticated AnimalsEdit

 
Echatere

Echateres are large herbivorous mammals[62] with tusks, pointed hooves, and large antlers. Found mainly in Wrothgar, they serve the Orcs as livestock and beasts of burden. They provide meat, fur,[91] vellum,[113] and milk for the Orcs.[62][114][115] Orcs also have rare "shaggy giant centipedes" that serve as herdbeasts. These centipede-like creatures can live only at high altitudes on thrive on the alpine and sub-alpine forage.[6] A stereotype that orcs eats horses exists,[116] but orcish-made tapestries shows them being utilized for both hunting and in wars.[117][118]

Orcs train bears as guard mounts for their strongholds.[119] It is said that King Torug allied with the mightiest snow bear of Wrothgar after earning her trust. According to legend, Torug spilled his own blood to draw her out, brought echatere meat and clean water to feed her and brought fire to warm her. Coldwind accepted King Torug's offerings, for Torug had treated her as an equal, and not as a master.[120] The beast earned the name "Coldwind" by being fast and icily brave while serving as the king's mount in hundreds of battles, and also led to King Torug founding Orsinium's Bear-Rider cavalry. By taming Coldwind, Torug supposedly bent all the bears of the land to his will.[105] After many years of service, Coldwind grew weary so Torug found her a den in the far north so the bear could retire and pass on her bloodline to many powerful cubs.[121][122]

Orcs bred mammoths to be smaller to make them more manageable as livestock. They escaped and started breeding in the wild after orcish ranches containing them got raided by other orcs. These pocket mammoths as they have been dubbed are easily domesticated, especially if one is obtained during their youth.[123]

The Welwa inhabiting the wilds of Craglorn are often domesticated and armored by the Iron Orcs of the region, who use them as war beasts. The Iron Orc belief of labor long and hard has been instilled into their welwas, and will push their riders to the limit.[124][125]

The Seamount Clan claim that their ancestors tamed killer whales in the Abecean Sea and trained them for war. Riders of those whales were said to be capable of harpooning ships and steer them by using the strength of the animal, with evidence of this long-lost tradition surviving in siege gear that was later recovered in the Second Era.[126] They were also described as the fiercest raiders of the sea before they settled on Betony.[127]

ReligionEdit

MalacathEdit

 
Malacath, the Orc-Father
Do not steal.
Do not kill your kin.
Do not attack without cause.
Those who break these rules must pay the Blood Price.
Mauloch, Orc-Father

Mainstream Orcish religion is fairly unique to Tamriel in that it is monolatrous. Most Orcs revere Malacath, the Daedric Prince of Curses.[63] The orthodox belief among Wrothgarian and Wood Orcs is that Malacath is a broken Trinimac, transformed by Boethiah after he in some way stole the former Champion of Auriel's form.[23] There is debate among Orcs on whether he is Malacath, the Daedric outcast of Oblivion, or Mauloch, the Aedric outcast of Aetherius. Some even believe that he is both and has fittingly been cast out by both groups of divines.[128]

Regardless, after being reborn in his ashy prison, the newly-transformed Malacath cursed Boethiah and created the Code of Malacath, a central tenet to Orcish religion.[21] While exact interpretations vary between clans[65], his main commandments are as follows.

According to some priests, praying to Malacath for strength is futile because he cannot grant it. Instead, Malacath issues the challenge to claim strength from themselves.[129]

Upon death, followers of Malacath (or Mauloch) believe they will end up in Malacath's realm of the Ashpit. Here, Orcs are promised rewards of immortality, abundant food and drink, and constant battle deep within the Ashen Forge. Lending to the ambiguity of Mauloch's Aedric status, it is said that the Ashpit extends into Aetherius, allowing worthy Orsimer to freely transition into a more traditional afterlife.[130]

TrinimacEdit

Some fringe members of Orsimer society choose to instead worship Trinimac. Some believe that Trinimac was the one that absorbed power from Boethiah, improving the Orsimer in the process,[131] while other worshippers think that Malacath and Trinimac are actually wholly separate entities, and that Malacath lies to keep them as pariahs under his thumb.[13] The latter belief has briefly risen to prevalence on numerous occasions, typically under newly-crowned kings of Orsinium who sought to form friendly relations with their neighbors, as was the case with King Kurog of Second Orsinium and King Gortwog gro-Nagorm of Nova Orsinium.[132][13] In both of these cases, the transition to Trinimac worship was brief and controversial, with Orcs reverting back to Malacath worship after their deaths.[24][13]

The followers of Trinimac believe that when they die, they ascend directly to Aetherius to join with their ancestors. The afterlife of Trinimac's faithful also consists of endless war and celebrations, but with a greater emphasis on once again spending time with family members who came before them.[23]

BoethiahEdit

Boethiah holds a role in Orcish culture, despite the scarcity of preserved accounts of her veneration. Evidence and texts related to the worship of Boethiah by the Orcs exist. The esoteric text From Exile to Exodus discusses Boethiah's teachings to the Orcs.[5]

In the Merethic Era,[133] Boethiah was known to have Orcish followers. Among them, Dugikh emerged as a vessel for the Prince when Boethiah, alongside Azura, Mephala, and Hermaeus Mora, sought to banish Ithelia.[134][135]

OtherEdit

 
Orc Shaman

Orcish religion includes: Shamans,[136] Witch Doctors,[137] and Wise Women[28] as spiritual guides.

The Allfire is some form of obscure afterlife, seemingly associated with Orcs and goblin-ken; referred to in such curses as: "blast them to the Allfire!"[138]

In Orcish shamanism, a spirit called Gar-shutan (Sacred Beast) comes to the world in search of nobility. When it does, it appears in a vision to the Abbas (Seeker), the bravest warriors, through whispers, and has been seen in dreams hovering in the clouds. Complimentary to the Abbas is the Abasseen (Seeker's Companion), who may appear in these visions alongside the Abbas. When Gar-shutan appears, it does so always in a different form to test the clarity of the Abbas's vision. When called upon, it is customary for the Abbas to seek out the Abasseen and go to together on a holy quest to slay Gar-shutan. In combat, Gar-shutan tests the Abbas and thereby tests his people. The sacrifice of blood, theirs or beast's, is said to bring prosperity and joy to the Abbas's people. If neglected for too long, Gar-shutan may get tired of waiting, and may, inferably, remove the opportunity of letting the duo face the it in battle.[UOL 4]

Religious Orders and CultsEdit

 
Vaia's Golden Ash

The Orcs have a few religious orders and cults dedicated to the worship of Malacath and Trinimac.

Agra Crun: a religious order dedicated to protecting the sacred word of Malacath, which translates to Blood Shield in the common tongue, the group operates in secretly, but for the few that know of them, they are seen as a beacon of Light. [139]

Malacath's Brutal Breed: were a group of fanatical Malacath followers that existed during the First Era, their main purpose was to wipe out and murder Bretons and Redguards for every real and imagined slight perpetrated by them against the Orcs. Legends about the Cult say the group sacrificed an entire Breton village to the Ashpit.[140]

Oathsworn: (?)

Vosh Rakh: are a group of fanatics dedicated to the worship of Trinimac, their goal is to bring the Orcs back to their Aldmeri Roots. Vosh Rakh in Orcish translates to Blade of Courage which directly refers to Trinimac's legendary weapon, Penitent. They see themselves as the Sword made manifest, and their goal is to rid of the traditions that held the Orcs back for many years. [141]

Wrathful Flame: a religious order dedicated to lighting Malacath's Pyre in the ruins of the first Orsinium.[142]

DeathEdit

When an Orc dies, his or her remains will be burned down to ashes, which can be handled by their kin. Ashes from chiefs, kings and elders are usually forged into swords and shields, or any other item that their relatives or successors may want to remember the departed ones.[143][89] This practice is called the "beshkar-nor," the death-forge; it is traditionally reserved for Orcs of great stature, such as a leader, elder or hero. The blood is either drained from the body, or the body is reduced to ash and then saved for the processing of forging tools, weapons and armor.[144]

 
Honor's Rest

The ashes of the Orcish dead are customarily placed under a cairn, out in the field, under the open sky. Their arms and armor are placed over this cairn, and their relatives would then come to honor their ancestors. Burial is not a practice among the Orcs, although they respect other races' traditions.[145][127] A few hours after a family repays their respects, the bodies of the dead who are not cremated and are left where they fell, despite popular lore to the contrary, are removed from the area, this is done to prevent the dangers of decay and disease; what happens to the bodies afterwards is a secret the Orcs are not willing to tell outsiders.[144]

The mountain of Sorrow, in Wrothgar, is an ancient burial site for Orcs. Grand tombs, cairns, and wedge tombs, were often placed on the mountain by the Orcs, at the expense of many lives due to the many dangers of the mountain. Only the strongest Orcs were able to survive the challenges of the mountain. The corpses of those who died on the mountain were left behind. Legends state that seven Orcish clans were wiped out, in the process of building the tomb of King Torug. Eventually the Orcs stopped using Sorrow as a place of burial.[144][88]

Another famous burial site is the catacombs of Honor's Rest, in southern Wrothgar. This extensive mausoleum was built by Orc, Breton, and Redguard masons after the destruction of the first Orsinium. The corpses of Bretons and Redguards and the ashes of the Orcs who died in the long siege were placed here, including those of the heroes and rivals Baloth Bloodtusk and Gaiden Shinji. The ruins were hidden and remained undiscovered until the reign of King Kurog in the Second Era.[146][147][148]

For more detailed information see: Orc Death Beliefs

ArtifactsEdit

 
Helm of Oreyn Bearclaw

Helm of Oreyn BearclawEdit

The Helm of Oreyn Bearclaw, also known as the Helm of Kharag gro-Khar, is a prized artifact with a history of conflicted attribution. The helm itself is an engraved skull, which is enchanted to improve the wearer's agility and endurance.

Those that claim it is a Bosmeri artifact know it by the former name, and attribute it to the legendary Dunmer hunter of Valenwood, Oreyn Bearclaw. Legends claim that Bearclaw singlehandedly killed Glenhwyfaunva, the witch-serpent of the Elven wood, and thus brought peace to his clan. He would bring the helm and his name further reverence by performing many more great deeds, until he lost his life to the Knahaten Flu. After Bearclaw's demise, his helm stood as a monument of his stature, although it was eventually lost after his clan split.

Those that call the helm by its latter name believe that Oreyn was falsely credited, and that the feats were actually performed by his Orc friend, Kharag gro-Khar, hero of the Shatul Clan. Thus they consider it an Orcish artifact, and the relic has been claimed by Malacath himself. Those that believe the former story however, state that Kharag stole both Oreyn's helm and reputation, and thus both camps have tried to claim it.

Mace of Molag BalEdit

 
Mace of Molag Bal (Skyrim)

Though not of cultural relevance to the Orcs, the origins for the Mace of Molag Bal can be traced back to when Molag Bal deceived an Orcish blacksmith and enslaved him in pits of Coldharbour. The blacksmith was turned into a Soul Shriven and forced to forge the mace.[UOL 5][149]

 
An Orc who sought to obtain the Manshrieker

ManshriekerEdit

The Manshrieker was a holy weapon of war for the Orcs.[150]

GalleryEdit

AppearancesEdit

MiscellaneousEdit

NotesEdit

  • 1.  The records of Orcs being granted the status of "people" was largely given as a way to explain why Orcs were now a playable race in Morrowind. In their first appearance in TES: Arena, Orcs were considered monsters and described as larger version of goblins that were not overly intelligent, but still cunning enough to stalk their prey and set up ambushes.[8] In Daggerfall, Orcs were given more depth, with many Orcs such as Gortwog being capable of perfect speech and are just as intelligent as any other "civilized" race in Tamriel.
  • Orcs originate in the works of J. R. R. Tolkien's legendarium, with developers commenting that any appearance of Orcs in fantasy are going to be influenced on some level by Tolkien. There were early attempts to differentiate Orsimer from the Orcs of Middle-earth and move away from the noble savage trope, with the Samurai-style Orcish armor from Daggerfall inspiring an idea to explore Orsinium being a conduit to an extraplanar dimension containing an advanced Atlantis-type "Orc Prime" (similar to the extraplanar backstory of the Goblins), where the "Teat Shoguns" gave mystical orders and wore strangely-sculpted Trinimasks, but this idea did not have much movement behind it.[UOL 6]

See AlsoEdit

BooksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Father Of The NibenFlorin Jaliil
  2. ^ a b c d The True Nature of Orcs
  3. ^ Torug at the Summit, Complete Translation
  4. ^ Lashburr Tooth-Breaker's dialogue in ESO
  5. ^ a b c From Exile to ExodusTarvyn Aram
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Pocket Guide to the Empire, 1st Edition: The Wild RegionsImperial Geographical Society, 2E 864
  7. ^ Discerning the Transmundane quest in Skyrim
  8. ^ a b Arena Player's Guide
  9. ^ Bonerock Cavern loading screen in ESO
  10. ^ a b Before the Ages of ManAicantar of Shimerene
  11. ^ Thendaramur Death-Blossom Answers Your QuestionsThendaramur Death-Blossom
  12. ^ The Pig ChildrenTyston Bane
  13. ^ a b c d e f Pocket Guide to the Empire, 3rd Edition: OrsiniumImperial Geographical Society, 3E 432
  14. ^ a b Five Songs of King Wulfharth
  15. ^ a b c Generic dialogue in Morrowind
  16. ^ Orc description in Skyrim
  17. ^ Varieties of Faith: The NordsBrother Mikhael Karkuxor of the Imperial College
  18. ^ The Doors of OblivionSeif-ij Hidja
  19. ^ Rescue Iszara story quest in Redguard
  20. ^ N'Gasta's SpellbookN'Gasta
  21. ^ a b Mauloch, Orc-FatherRamurbak gro-Abamath
  22. ^ The Changed Ones
  23. ^ a b c Varieties of Faith: The OrcsBrother Mikhael Karkuxor of the Imperial College
  24. ^ a b c Lord of SoulsGreg Keyes
  25. ^ The Anticipations — Anonymous
  26. ^ Veloth the PilgrimCascius the Proud
  27. ^ a b Dra'bul loading screen in ESO
  28. ^ a b c Orc Strongholds Generic Dialogue in Skyrim
  29. ^ Map of Clans
  30. ^ 16 Accords of Madness, v. XII
  31. ^ The War of the First CouncilAgrippa Fundilius
  32. ^ A Life of Strife and StruggleKing Laloriaran Dynar
  33. ^ Morkul Descent loading screen in ESO: Orsinium
  34. ^ The Real Nerevar
  35. ^ Redguards, History and HeroesDestri Melarg
  36. ^ a b Wayrest, Jewel of the BaySathyr Longleat
  37. ^ a b Bangkorai, Shield of High Rock — King Eamond
  38. ^ Thulgeg's MarchKraltha the Rememberer
  39. ^ a b Malacath's dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  40. ^ The Great Siege of Orsinium
  41. ^ The MirrorBerdier Wreans
  42. ^ OnceBeredalmo the Signifier
  43. ^ From The Memory Stone of Makela LekiMakela Leki
  44. ^ a b c Events of ESO
  45. ^ Crafting Motif 8: Orc StyleDoctor Alfidia Lupus
  46. ^ High King Emeric Answers Your QuestionsHigh King Emeric
  47. ^ The Royal House of King EamondSeneschal Derric Andras of Castle Evermore
  48. ^ a b The Fury of King RanserWafimeles Masteret (Lorekeeper)
  49. ^ a b Guide to the Daggerfall Covenant
  50. ^ a b c d e Orcs of SkyrimThora Far-Wanderer
  51. ^ Marisette's dialogue in ESO
  52. ^ Gerard Althen's dialogue in ESO
  53. ^ Orcs? Could Be Worse
  54. ^ Orcs: The Vermin Among UsAbsolon Sorick
  55. ^ How Orsinium Passed to the OrcsMenyna Gsost
  56. ^ The Warp in the WestUlvius Tero
  57. ^ Rumors in Oblivion
  58. ^ Loading screen in Skyrim
  59. ^ Events of Blades
  60. ^ Hunt-Master Bulozog's dialogue in ESO: Imperial City
  61. ^ Events of Skyrim
  62. ^ a b c Orzorga's dialogue during Kindred Spirits in ESO: Orsinium
  63. ^ a b The House of Troubles
  64. ^ The Wraith's Wedding DowryVoltha gra-Yamwort, translated by Apthorne
  65. ^ a b c d e The Code of MalacathAmanda Alleia, Mercenary
  66. ^ Judicial Blood Price Gold Scale item description in ESO
  67. ^ Orcish Ledger of Significant Grudges item description in ESO
  68. ^ a b Khazasha's dialogue in ESO: The Deadlands
  69. ^ Guide to CheydinhalAlessia Ottus
  70. ^ Guide to BravilAlessia Ottus
  71. ^ Guide to SkingradAlessia Ottus
  72. ^ A Dance in Fire, Chapter 2Waughin Jarth
  73. ^ Notes on Racial Phylogenythe Council of Healers, Imperial University
  74. ^ Journal of the Lord LovidicusLord Lovidicus
  75. ^ The Sport of Clans
  76. ^ Vengeance Day Dress costume description in ESO
  77. ^ Breda's dialogue in ESO
  78. ^ a b Crafting Motif 22: Trinimac Style — the Venerable Uugus, Priest of Trinimac
  79. ^ Curator Umutha's dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  80. ^ a b Orcs: Monsters or Misunderstood?Taleon Mythmaker
  81. ^ From a Breton travel journal
  82. ^ The Red Paint
  83. ^ Arithiel's dialogue in ESO
  84. ^ The Taking of Abamath
  85. ^ Ghorbash the Iron Hand's dialogue in Skyrim
  86. ^ Oshgura's Destruction JournalOshgura
  87. ^ Orcish skill in Daggerfall
  88. ^ a b c Kharsthun's dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  89. ^ a b Chief Bazrag's dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  90. ^ The Elder Scrolls: The Official Cookbook — Chelsea Monroe-Cassel
  91. ^ a b All About EchatereStugbrulz gro-Shatul
  92. ^ Rulfala's dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  93. ^ Grudash gro-Shugharz, Orcish stonemasonGrudash gro-Shugharz
  94. ^ City Solicitor's dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  95. ^ Orsinium Pink Zinfandel Decanter item description in ESO
  96. ^ a b Orcish Furnishings in ESO
  97. ^ King Kurog's dialogue during The Anger of a King in ESO: Orsinium
  98. ^ Orcish War Totem description in ESO
  99. ^ a b Crafting Motif 23: Malacath StyleForge-Wife Gurzbog gra-Gulog
  100. ^ "Eternity" Tunic with Pants costume description in ESO
  101. ^ Forge-Wife's Impervious Frock costume description in ESO
  102. ^ Lady Eloisse Answers Your QuestionsLady Eloisse, Fifth Countess Manteau
  103. ^ "Brilliance" Brocade Robes costume description in ESO
  104. ^ Summit Lord's Silken Robes costume description in ESO
  105. ^ a b Curator Umutha's dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  106. ^ Orc dialogue topic in Morrowind
  107. ^ a b c Arms and Armor of the Orcish Champion, Gushagub Gro-Shugdurbam
  108. ^ Orcish quality in Blades
  109. ^ Items Codex on elderscrolls.com
  110. ^ Garothmuk gro-Muzgub's dialogue in Morrowind
  111. ^ a b The Improved Emperor's Guide to Tamriel: Northern Bangkorai and the MountainsFlaccus Terentius, 2E 581
  112. ^ Old Orc Sayings: ShieldsRoald Kenway
  113. ^ Fine Echatere Vellum contraband item in ESO
  114. ^ Bulfor the Cheesemonger's existence and dialogue in ESO
  115. ^ Dark Elves, Dark HeartsBakozog gro-Shakh
  116. ^ Snak gra-Bura in Oblivion
  117. ^ Orcish Tapestry, Hunt depiction in ESO
  118. ^ Orcish Tapestry, War depiction in ESO
  119. ^ Kyne's Challenge, Skyrim — The Imperial Library
  120. ^ A Cold Wind From the Mountain quest in ESO: Orsinium
  121. ^ Coldwind's Skull
  122. ^ Coldwind's Den loading screen in ESO
  123. ^ Pocket Mammoth pet description in ESO
  124. ^ Longhair Welwa's pet description in ESO
  125. ^ Iron Orc Welwa mount description in ESO
  126. ^ Cornerstone of Reman II antiquity codex entries in ESO: Greymoor
  127. ^ a b Rozag gro-Khazun's dialogue in ESO
  128. ^ Shrine of Mauloch loading screen in ESO
  129. ^ Thazeg's dialogue in ESO
  130. ^ On Orcs and the AfterlifeErisa Moorcroft, Scholar, Comparative Religious Studies
  131. ^ Villager dialogue during The Heretic quest in Blades
  132. ^ Events of ESO
  133. ^ Curate Gadayn's dialogue in ESO
  134. ^ Acolyte Dugikh's dialogue in ESO
  135. ^ Events of Prisoner of Fate in ESO
  136. ^ Orc Shaman in Daggerfall
  137. ^ Dialogue during An Unexpected Journey Part II quest in Daggerfall
  138. ^ Olpac Trailslag's dialogue during Trailslag's Goods quest in Shadowkey
  139. ^ Azrath's dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  140. ^ Malacath's Band of Brutality Antiquity Codex entries in ESO: Greymoor
  141. ^ Vosh RakhUgdorga, the King's Scribe
  142. ^ Flames of Forge and Fallen quest in ESO: Orsinium
  143. ^ Priest Uugus' dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  144. ^ a b c Strange Rituals of the OrsimerChaplain Jorden, Priest of Arkay
  145. ^ Brulak's dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  146. ^ The Ashes of Our Fathers quest in ESO: Orsinium
  147. ^ Lozruth's dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  148. ^ Sharela's dialogue in ESO: Orsinium
  149. ^ Crafting Motif 14: Daedric StyleSeif-ij Hidja
  150. ^ The Cursed Weapon quest in Daggerfall

Note: The following references are considered to be unofficial sources. They are included to round off this article and may not be authoritative or conclusive.