This page or parts of this page were previously transcluded to other pages per this discussion.
This page should be checked for potential unrelated lore and other information. Please remove this banner when the page has been cleaned up.
Illustration of a typical Argonian male

Argonians (Saxhleel, or People of the Root in their native language of Jel) are the reptilian natives of Black Marsh, a vast swampland province in southeastern Tamriel. The other races often refer to them as "lizards" or the "Lizard Folk" instead, especially when meaning to be derogatory. They are known as the foremost experts in guerrilla warfare throughout Tamriel, a reputation brought upon them by defending their borders from enemies for countless centuries. Argonians have a lifespan similar to that of humans.[1] According to the First Era Scholar Brendan the Persistent, "The Argonian people have, throughout Tamrielic history, been perhaps the most misunderstood, vilified, and reviled of all the sentient races. Yet, those who have taken the time to experience Argonian culture have gained a greater appreciation for this noble and beautiful people." However, it should be noted that he himself went missing in his final expedition into the deeper swamps of their homeland.[2][3]

Black Marsh, the land of the Argonians



A Xanmeer

Long ago, Argonians lived in giant stone ziggurats that extended all across Black Marsh and, according to some, even southern Morrowind. These Argonians were capable of great feats, creating magical defenses that remained both functional and effective well into the Second Era.[4] These Argonians both feared and worshiped Sithis, thinking of him only as a force of destruction that required sacrificial rituals to appease. Modern Argonians consider both the construction of the stone Xanmeers and this fearful devotion to Sithis as a result of a flawed belief system, as it only saw Sithis as a destroyer and not a creator as well.

Exactly when and how this ancient society collapsed is unknown, but they were already living in established preliterate tribal communities around the time the Aldmer first began exploring Tamriel.[5][2][6] The ancient Argonians were swiftly displaced by the more technologically and magically advanced Elder Folk, and were driven back into the swamps of their homeland. Black Marsh in those times was inhabited by a multitude of races, from the diverse Kothringi tribes to the Cantemiric Velothi (and much later, the Barsaebic Ayleids) to the vulpine Lilmothiit, and they held the Lizard Folk in an almost myth-like sense. For some they were wandering curiosities, for others they were heroes that nobly saved non-reptilian inhabitants from horrors of the marsh, and for others still they were terrifying savages.[6]

First EraEdit

Argonians only occasionally left their homeland during the early years of the First Era, although there are accounts of certain individuals of the race being found in other parts of Tamriel during that time.[2] According to a Saxhleel ghost encountered in Stonefalls in 2E 582, the ancient Chimer utilized the Lizard Folk as slaves centuries before their descendants the Dunmer would do the same.[7] Exactly when and why the Chimeri practice ended is unknown, but the Dark Elves and even the Saxhleel themselves seemed to have forgotten it ever occurred.

The races' standard contempt for outside peoples originated in the latter years of the Alessian Empire, when pirates and other criminals often exploited Black Marsh's treacherous landscape to evade Imperial Law. The entirety of the eastern coastline of the Topal Bay was infamous for piracy, and in 1E 1033 Empress Hestra ordered for the head of "Red Bramman" (the most notorious of these criminals) to be brought to her in order to end the bandit activity.[2] The Imperial Navy were forced to enter Argonia through the Bay and traveled deeper into the swamps than anyone else had before, and finally beheaded the redheaded pirate-king in his bandit kingdom near the modern city of Blackrose.[3] The pillaging and slavery Bramman introduced into the Marsh made Argonians resentful towards the races of men, and their resistance to the continued use of the old pirate routes led to decreased exploration as the First Empire's influence waned.[2][3]

Despite this bitterness, the Argonians still allied with and aided the Empire when the deadly Thrassian Plague ravaged Tamriel in 1E 2200. Argonian freebooters joined alongside Redguard corsairs, Colovian galleys, Breton warships, and even Aldmeri cutters in the All Flags Navy – the greatest allied naval force in Tamriel history – to enact revenge against the Sload, a species hated by all the races of Tamriel. The Tamrielics succeeded in their mission, sinking Thras to the bottom of the Sea of Pearls (although it would later rise again), but a great number of their ships were unfortunately pulled into Coldharbour by a magical whirlpool.[8][7]

While the Saxhleel were never conquered by the Alessian Empire, the Reman Dynasty of Emperors on the other hand took great interest in incorporating it as a province during their reign. In 1E 2811 the last army of the Lizard Folk was defeated by the armies of Cyrodiil, but Black Marsh itself continued to lay largely outside of Imperial control.[2] When Reman II ascended to the Ruby Throne, the unconquered territories of Morrowind and Black Marsh weighed heavily on his mind.[9] He rashly decided to conquer Argonia in the year 2830, and nearly lost as many men from the swamps as he did from the Argonians that resisted him. He eventually managed to gain control of the northern and eastern sections of the territory, and declared those parts the Imperial Province of Black Mash in 1E 2837.[9][10] The Argonians' homeland would go on to become a sort of prison state (specifically the city of Blackrose), a place where criminals not trusted in conventional dungeons could be relocated.[10][11]

After the assassination of Reman III and his only heir Juilek, the Akaviri Potentate declared the beginning of the Second Era. The Argonians saw their chance and forcibly left the crumbling Reman Dynasty, becoming a self-governed territory once again.[12]

Second EraEdit

Unfortunately, after the Argonians left the Empire the Dunmer of Morrowind turned their gaze towards the south and saw a swampy land ripe with potential slaves. Entire tribes were dragged off in chains to Stonefalls, Vvardenfell, and the Deshaan.[11][2] The Dunmeri Great House Dres was also founded during these times when its progenitor Thalthil Dres conducted a slave-raid on the city of Thorn, and soon became the main source for slaves in their homeland.[13][14] While the Dark Elves saw the enslavement of the Argonians as a great uplifting and betterment for the race in general, the Lizard Folk themselves detested their newest masters and fought with them constantly.[11][2]

The Argonians are often considered to be the creators of the deadly Knahaten Flu in 2E 560, which originated in the city of Stormhold and then spread throughout Tamriel like wildfire.[15] This claim has never been proven, but since the Argonians proved to be immune to the contagion the other races quickly came to believe that one of their shamans manipulated their Hist trees into creating it in retaliation for the constant oppression of their people by the other races (specifically the Dunmer).[2][16] The Flu soured Tamrielic opinion on Argonians, who were thought to be carriers of the disease, and the Dunmer soon found their most numerous vassals being constantly turned down by others.[11]

Perhaps the greatest – and most surprising – historical event the Argonians took part in during the Second Era was the Liberation War (better remembered as the Second Akaviri Invasion). In 2E 572, a strong Akaviri force led by Ada'Soom Dir-Kamal attacked Windhelm in Eastern Skyrim, killing Queen Mabjaarn Flame-Hair and Princess Nurnhilde. Leaving the ruined city behind, the eastern army continued on their way to Riften but found it heavily fortified by the Nords, who were led by Jorunn the Skald-King and Wulfharth the Ash-King (who was called back to Nirn from Sovngarde by the Greybeards).[17][18] The invaders decided to bypass the Nordic city and entered Morrowind instead, where the Dunmeri army led by Almalexia fought against them but were forced to retreat into Stonefalls (although it is rumored that Mother Morrowind and the Skald-Prince collaborated with one another to set this up despite their races' ancient enmity).[19] With their backs towards the Inner Sea, the Akaviri fought viciously against the combined Nord-Dunmer force, but with the rest of the Akaviri fleet on the horizon it seemed that the Tamrielics would be overrun and slaughtered.[19][20]

Sometime prior to the initial invasion, an Argonian slave girl named Heita-Meen escaped from the Dres plantation she was being forced to work upon alongside several of her compatriots, but was captured by the Dunmer-aligned Archein tribe and taken back to their village. While being held there she received a vision from their Hist tree, one showing the Nords and Dunmer dying at the hands of the Akaviri. She saw an opportunity in this, and when taken back to Thorn she killed her Slavemaster and by way of duel took control of the Archein guards.[21] She headed to Stormhold, where she was able to gain the support of the majority of the Shellbacks there, and then made haste to aid the Dunmer and Nords in Stonefalls. At first the Dark Elves were alarmed to see a force of armed slaves heading towards them; some even attacked the Argonians out of fear.[19] However, the three races were able to get over their mutual hatred and resoundingly drove the invaders into the Sea to drown. In that moment the Ebonheart Pact was born, and would continue to exist all the way up to the Planemeld ten years later in 2E 582.[7] Unlike the other three factions in the Alliance War, the Ebonheart Pact focused largely on wiping away the rashness of Imperial rule as well as ending mortal scheming with higher powers from beyond Nirn.[22]

As a show of thanks for the timely intervention of the Argonians, the Dunmer formally ended the enslavement of Lizard Folk (but the practice of enslaving itself did not end).[23] However, some Dunmer (notably House Telvanni) refused to accept these terms and therefore withdrew from the Pact. Likewise, many Argonians felt that the Dunmer deserved retribution for their crimes[24] and only the regions of Shadowfen, Thornmarsh, and Murkmire in Black Marsh joined the Ebonheart Pact.[21] Some Argonians left their homeland entirely, and settled in other provinces. Eventually the Great Moot that ruled over Morrowind, Black Marsh, and Skyrim consolidated their provinces into a single nation.[7] During the Three Banners War, an anomaly known as the Mnemic Egg came to the attention of the Pact's leaders. The Mnemic Egg is a powerful artifact that is the physical manifestation of the Argonian-Hist link, and if severed can prove fatal to both. The Egg fell into the interests of the First Aldmeri Dominion, who attempted to use the Mnemic Egg to sever the link between the Argonians and the Hist, but were thwarted by the Soulless One.[7]

It is unknown what became of the Ebonheart Pact, but by the time of the Tiber Wars it was no longer existent and the Argonians were once again the sole authority in Black Marsh. Saxhleel slavery was also revitalized by the Dunmer at some point, and despite fear of the Knahaten Flu House Dres continued sending slavers into the north of Black Marsh.[2] It is said that even Tiber Septim himself thought twice before attacking Black Marsh in his conquests, and it is implied in A Short History of Morrowind that the Argonian homeland was acquired by treaty instead.[25] Despite this, the borders of their province fell quite easily to his forces and he avoided much loss by neglecting to attack the almost impenetrable inner swamps.[2] The Argonian homeland was assimilated into Tiber's growing Empire sometime after the Second Treaty of Stros M'Kai.[26]

Third EraEdit

During the Third Empire the homeland of the Argonians continued to function mostly as a prison state, and the Emperors were content with holding onto the strategic regions on the coastline instead of annexing the heart of Black Marsh, which remained outside of Imperial governance.[2]

In 3E 396, during the Imperial Simulacrum, a slave revolt escalated into the Dunmer instigating the Arnesian War with Black Marsh and taking a significant amount of territory (and undoubtedly many new slaves) when the Argonians lost.[2][27] Although the enslavement of any civilized race was illegal in the rest of the Empire, the Dark Elves were allowed to continue the practice due to the favorable conditions of the Armistice under which Morrowind joined the Septim Dynasty, which allowed the Dunmer to follow their ancient traditions and maintain great autonomy in their domestic affairs. King Helseth eventually abolished slavery in Morrowind for a wide variety of reasons.[28][29] With the abolition of slavery, the Argonians' relationship with the Dunmer vastly improved, although violent attempts to reclaim the lands stolen from them during the Arnesian War continued.[2]

While Imperial governors ruled over the coastal cities in the province, many of them had Argonian advisors from the Archein tribe. The Archeins in turn ruled over the rural areas that made up most of Black Marsh. Beyond the reach of the Emperor there was little to no governance in the innermost swamps, and it was unknown if the inhabitants of those areas even recognized Imperial rule.[2]

When Mehrunes Dagon attempted to invade Tamriel during the Oblivion Crisis in 3E 433, the Hist trees foresaw his coming and called the majority of Argonians back to defend their homeland.[29] The Argonians were altered by the Hist in order to combat the Daedra, becoming faster, stronger, and able to endure harsher punishment.[30] When the Oblivion Gates were opened in Black Marsh, the Lizard Folk charged into them so viciously that the Daedra themselves were forced to close them in order to avoid being overrun; because of this, the Argonians emerged from the Oblivion Crisis more united and stronger than ever before compared to the other Tamrielic races devastated by Dagon's plot.[31]

Fourth EraEdit

The Argonians were among the first of the races to secede from the weakening Empire, alongside the Khajiit of Elsweyr.[31] Shortly after the eruption of Red Mountain devastated Vvardenfell, the Thalmor encouraged the Argonians to attack their Dark Elven enemies to the north in what became known as the Argonian Invasion.[32] They had early success in conquering southern Morrowind, sacking many cities (including Mournhold) as they made it as far as Red Mountain. However, the Argonians were eventually repelled by the army of House Redoran, which successfully stopped them from invading the rest of Morrowind.[31][33] The Thalmor's influence over the Argonians then ended with the invasion.[32] Despite their lack of governance or colonization of the southern Dunmeri lands, the Argonians kept the Empire and Morrowind from reclaiming them.[31][34]

Sometime in the early Fourth Era the Lizard Folk came to be governed by a political party known as the An-Xileel, whose views were completely nationalistic. In 4E 43, by invoking the rogue Hist tree of Lilmoth into contacting its 'cousins' the Um-Hist, the An-Xileel were able to summon the floating city of Umbriel from Clavicus Vile's realm in Oblivion in order to exterminate all foreign taint in Black Marsh.[31] The city did this for them, but soon began its own agenda after the An-Xileel lost control over it. Umbriel started on a northwestern path towards White-Gold Tower in the Imperial City, moving through Black Marsh and Morrowind in the process; those slain by the floating city were resurrected as an invincible undead horde to aid the city's dark goal. It was through the efforts of the Breton girl Annaïg Hoïnart, an Argonian named Mere-Glim, Prince Attrebus Mede and the Dunmer mage Sul (along with a few others) that Umbriel was finally destroyed and its threat to Tamriel eliminated.[30]

Saxhleel history has remained largely quiet for the rest of the current era. In 4E 150, a small force of Argonian raiders landed on Solstheim to stir up trouble but were repelled by the Redoran of Raven Rock.[34] By 4E 201, a document discussing the government of Skyrim mentioned an Argonian King, bringing up the question of the survival of the An-Xileel after the events of the Umbriel Crisis.[35] A Thieves Guild member also complained about Argonian patrols in southern Morrowind, implying the Lizard Folk have indeed begun some form of governance of those conquered areas.[36]


A Hist

Most, if not all Argonian tribes revere and build their lives around a Hist tree. They ingest its sap during rituals, lay their eggs among its roots, and often live according to the Hist's will. Tribes that build their lives around a Hist often do so literally, as they construct their settlements around the Hist.[37][38] Argonian leaders known as tree-minders tend to the tribe's Hist and seek its wisdom through communication with the tree. On rare occasions, the Hist may speak directly with an individual, though most tree-minders can interpret signs sent by the Hist.[39] Some tribes possess a sap-speaker, who is a direct intermediary with the Hist. The sap-speaker will spend days or weeks at a time among the roots and canopy of the Hist; ingesting sap, eating the otherwise forbidden fruit of the tree, and using many hours of the day to indulge in solitary contemplation. The sap-speaker emerges from their solitude with knowledge they've acquired from the Hist during their long bouts of study.[40]

Appearance and PhysiologyEdit

The Argonian allegory known as the Parable of Becoming states that the Hist found the humanoid forms of Men and Mer useful, molding the form of the swamp’s lizards after them to create Argonians.[41] Some scholars believe that the Helstrom Ancestor Lizard is what Argonians were uplifted from.[42] Adding to this theory, the Argonian Mere-Glim had a vision while on Umbriel. Within this vision, Mere-Glim experienced the life of a lizard every day until the root and the taste of Hist sap came, transforming both his body and mind.[30] Similarly, theories exist that state that the Hist also mimicked the forms of the mounts of both Men and Mer, for the purpose of being used by Argonians to ride long distances.[43]

Argonians believe that their souls were given to them by the Hist[31] – according to the Lizard Folk, there was nothing before the Hist.[44] Because of this the souls of the Saxhleel contain unique qualities that sets them apart from the souls of Men and mer.[45] Most Argonians are able to feel the presence of the Hist in their minds at all times, but the further they travel from Black Marsh the weaker the connection gets.[31] Some Argonians can even be born without this connection, and are viewed by others of their kind as disadvantaged because they can't understand the most simple of Argonian gestures.[46]

A nest of Argonian eggs.

Although Argonians appear reptilian in nature at first glance, they also exhibit qualities of fish, amphibians, and even birds: they are able to breathe underwater through small gills behind their ears, swim using the same method as that of a tadpole or eel by moving their tail side-to-side to propel through the water, and are capable of growing feathers. Female Argonians additionally have what appear to be mammalian breasts, but at the same time are able to lay eggs.[47] Argonians' genders are sometimes referred to as life-phases. It is said that upon exiting the juvenile stage of life, an Argonian will lick Hist sap in order to stimulate the hormonal glands, which sprout appropriate organs from which the Argonian's gender can be determined. However, this is unconfirmed,[48] and Argonian hatchlings may apparently be of either gender.[49]

Argonian life begins with a clutch of eggs conceived by a mated pair. The tribes of Black Marsh all have their own customs for choosing mates. Some pick each other out of love or attraction,[50] and some, like the Bright-Throat tribe, bond with members of other tribes to improve tribal relations.[51] In any case, eggs are laid and transferred to an uxith (or "nest"), where they are tended to by midwives until they hatch. The Bright-Throat tribe of Murkmire has egg-tenders who perform this task. On top of attending the needs of the eggs and discerning which ones are fertile and which ones are not destined to hatch, the tenders also read nursery rhymes and play the flute for their eggs.[52][53] Those who tend the eggs beneath the Hist at the Hatching Pools in Shadowfen are known as the Keepers of the Shell.[54] The Keepers keep meticulous record of every egg that enters the uxith; the pairs they were born to, how many hatchlings emerge, when the eggs hatch and which star signs the hatchlings are born under are just some of the things recorded in their logs.[55][56] They perform the usual tasks one expects from one who tends and protects eggs, including monitoring the eggs and crushing biting bugs that may harm them.[57] If an Argonian egg is not destined to hatch, it returns to the Hist, fading into the roots.[52]

Unlike the children of other races, who must be constantly cared for by their parents in order to survive, Argonian hatchlings are born with the ability to walk.[58] Hatchlings are fed licorice worms, and those who are teething are given pacifiers made of hardened Hist sap to chew.[59][60]

Argonian appearances range from reptilian to almost human; this is caused by the Hist sap they ingest as hatchlings[30] which ceremonially takes place on their Naming Day.[49] Argonians tickled under the chin will reflexively open their jaws. Ancient cave paintings depict figures which appear to be more tree-like than Argonian.[31] An Argonians' appearance and physiology is almost solely determined by their Hist. Though an Argonian can have ancestry from a wildly different tribe, they will always display the characteristics of the tribe that they were born into. A good example of this is the Ghost People tribe, known in Jel as the Veeshkleel. All Veeshkleel are impotent and cannot have children of their own, but by stealing eggs and hatching them under their own Hist Tree, all Veeshkleel display the same traits.[61][62] Certain traits may fade the further an Argonian is from their respective Hist, though they will also come back once the Argonian returns to their Hist.[63] Strange and reclusive Argonians that live in places away from sunlight, such as subterranean caverns, will lose the color of their scales and become pale.[64] An Argonian can also ask their Hist Tree to change their gender, which is typically followed by a celebratory ceremony.[65]

Though the Saxhleel seem to generally be cold blooded, they can apparently regulate their body temperatures just as effectively as their mammalian counterparts. Thanks to this, they can be found wandering the cold environments of Solstheim and Skyrim without any negative repercussions.[66][67] Some scholars believe this is possible because of the powerful magicks that lie within Hist sap, which the reptilian race ingests throughout their lives.[66]

Art and ArchitectureEdit

A mud hut, which can be easily rebuilt if destroyed

Long ago, the Lizard Folk built and lived in grandiose pyramid structures they referred to as xanmeers and had wayshrines dedicated to the stars.[68][69] However, these were consequently abandoned for some unknown reason and the Saxhleel themselves can't remember life in those times.[69] During the Second Era the Argonians of Shadowfen lived in huts made from mud, while those in Murkmire constructed settlements out of wood.[7] Because of this alarming change, some scholars doubt that the xanmeers were even built by the Argonians, who in their opinion merely claimed ownership of them. Feathers, bright colors, and lizard hides decorate the majority of their buildings and works of art.[3]

Reed Houses

Modern Argonian architecture is shaped by the concept of conquering Shunatei,'the pain caused by holding on too tightly to that which has come to pass', also described as the 'Fear of Death and Forgetting'. Argonians feel that building stone structures in the belief that they will endure the centuries is foolish, and point to the countless other ruins that dot other provinces as proof of the inevitability of their destruction. Because of this, they instead build structures that are intended to be temporary.[7]

Argonians are said to be masters at the crafting of jewelry, which is sought after in many provinces.[70] The Argonians also seemed to be the pioneers in the arts of alchemy, as their alchemists in Black Marsh have long held that the moon phases dictate the precise positioning of calcinators.[71]

Argonian arms and armor differ between tribes, and designs have changed with the passage of time. Ancient Argonians from pre-Duskfall times used volcanic glass, elaborately layered cloth, leather, bone and bronze to arm and protect themselves. Their weapons and armor were often adorned with feathers, dyed yarns, jewels, bronze emblems and gold. The use of metal is almost unheard of in many post-Duskfall aspects of Argonian craftsmanship.[72] The Naga-Kur of Murkmire craft weapons and armor from the bodies of their deceased. Scales, hide and bones from their dead are fashioned to protect the living. Frills and spines from the deceased may serve as decoration, while bones often make up the handles and business-ends of Dead-Water weapons.[73] The Xit-Xaht of Mazzatun crafted lightweight armor that relied on sturdy leather and bone to protect the flesh of the wearer. Armor and weapons were designed to allow the Xit-Xaht to move swiftly in the marsh and hit their targets hard. Layers of bone are constructed to deflect blows, though Mazzatun craftswork often leaves the midriff exposed. Plumes, avian and reptilian skulls, and the spiraling path sigil of the city of Mazzatun often adorn the Xit-Xaht's arms and armor, making them easily identifiable from other tribes.[74] Argonian armor from the Shadowfen region, dated to the Second Era, often utilized bones, tortoise shell, shells and snakeskin to protect the wearer. Feathers, jagged teeth, turquoise and jade often made up the adornments on crafted pieces, with spiral and geometric designs featuring prominently in ornamentation.[75]

Medicine and GroomingEdit

In Murkmire, pickled frog eyes are used to settle a sour stomach. Some tribes consider them to be a delicacy.[76] Argonians also have many products used for moisturizing scales and frills. Balm made from palm oil is used to keep spines healthy and moist.[77] Herbal moisturizers intended for Argonian scales are known to irritate the skin of every other race.[78]


"Much of the nuance of Argonian conversation blooms from heavy metaphor and subtle body movements." – Lights-the-Way, Mystic of the Mages Guild[79]

Jel is the language of the Argonian people, and is unique among the other Tamrielic races by being unrelated to ancient Ehlnofex. It came from the Hist, the creators of the Argonian people. It also has no past tense or future tense verbs, only present tense. Aside from the purely verbal communication, Argonians also utilize body movements to express their attitude to the subject they're speaking about.[80]


Except for the more deeply assimilated, the Argonians do not formally recognize or worship any type of Tamrielic deity.[81] Some believe that they worship their creators, the Hist, although Argonians themselves state that they only perform rituals in their honor instead of fully worshipping them. The Argonians also revere Sithis, a being that even the Hist acknowledges.[66] The Clutch of Nisswo is a group of priests dedicated to Sithis who wander across Murkmire to collect the 'many truths' of each tribe, and share each tribes beliefs with other tribes.[82] Z'en, the Bosmeri God of Toil, is thought to have originated in Argonian and Akaviri mythologies before being introduced to Valenwood by Kothringi sailors.[68][69]

A religious practice Argonians share across many tribes involve entering the dream-wallow, which is said to be between the lines of a vision and reality,[83] and is capable of physically manifesting objects into the physical world.[84] The methods involved to enter the dream-wallow and what it consists of differ. It typically involves a a period of isolation and exposure to potent mind-altering herbs so the participant may see beyond the physical realm.[85] The Bright-Throat Tribe enter the dream-wallow by ingesting deep-sap, hist sap collected from deep within the ground. One Bright-Throat reported seeing in his vision a clam challenging him to a game of riddles, where all the words turned to orange mud, and in the end the clam was feasted on.[86] The Naga-Kur inhale burning Starblossoms. Inside the dream-wallow, they face a kaju, a dream-beast chosen by their chief that must be killed unassisted.[87]

Creation MythEdit

The Adzi-Kostleel tribe of Argonians believe that the world was created in a struggle between two spirits. Originally, there was Atak, the Great Root. As Atak grew, it's roots "formed new roots, and those roots took names, and they wanted space of their own to grow." Soon, it discovered the serpent spirit, Kota, who had been born from the Nothing and hungered. Atak and Kota fought and ate at each other until they became something new and indistinguishable, Atakota. They shed their skin and Shadow and went to sleep. The Shadow ate the roots and was changed by them, keeping them safe and telling them the secrets before releasing them instead of devouring them, letting itself sleep as well. The secrets changed the roots, making them realize they were now temporary and could change. Many of the spirits learned to fear this change, calling it Death. The chaos that ensued awoke Atakota and split them once more, leading to Atak and Kota and their roots going to war over the existence of Death. Some of the roots drank of Atakota's blood and sap until they grew scales, fangs, and wings. Other roots were protected by a Forest Spirit, singing with her and becoming one with the forest. In the chaos of the war, the Shadow awoke and ate both Atak and Kota, shedding the skin of Atakota and covering all of the roots, promising to keep them safe.[88]


Stalking Shadowscale

The Shadowscales are a longstanding monastic order of Argonian assassins that worship Sithis, the Void, and consists of Saxhleel born underneath the sign of The Shadow. According to some sources the downfall of the ancient Argonians was because their 'scales were darkened' by the touch of Sithis. Shadowscales also serve as a type of law enforcement in Black Marsh, bringing down 'swamp law' on unruly foreigners and natives alike. They are offered at birth to the Dark Brotherhood, a guild of assassins that also follows Sithis, to be trained in stealth and assassination. A lone Shadowscale located in Skyrim stated that their order was no longer a fully functioning group by 4E 201.

Thoughts and PersonalityEdit

Argonians possess the most alien personalities in all of Tamriel from a human or meric perspective and it is often assumed that the Lizard Folk possess neither personality nor emotions. Of course this is not true; Argonians simply do not facially express their emotions as much as man and mer do, though anger is easily detectable from their bared teeth and narrowed eyes. Slow to trust and hard to know, Argonians are fiercely loyal and will fight to the death for those they have named as friends. Their allies have long-since learned that there is always a reason for everything they do.[23] Argonian cultural practices include: wearing socks with pockets containing hot stones on their tails to keep them warm,[89] allowing birds to pick their teeth clean after a meal,[90] and filling their pillows with live centipedes for the pleasant wriggling sensation.[91]

Something remarkable about the Argonian people is that their culture seems to exhibit a forgetfulness regarding the actions between tribes. For the Argonians, hating each other is to hate themselves because they are all people of the root. Therefore, it is "better to forget and move on".[61] Because of this, the Saxhleel, like the Bosmer, prefer to live in the Aurbical Now – not dwelling on the past or the future, but simply the present.[92]


Argonians usually live in tribes, each having their own customs as well as differing appearances. In fact, the name Argonian itself seems to be more of a catch term that refers to all the different tribes of lizard folk that dwell within Black Marsh.[10] There are a few known tribes:

  • Adzi-Kostleel: The tribe of Murkmire that's claimed to be the bearer of an oral tradition of the Argonian creation myth, collected by researcher Solis Aduro.[88]
  • Agacephs: Most have needle-like faces and vary in color from bright green to orange. Found in inner Argonia near the Hist.[93]
  • Archeins: During the time when other races tried to put plantations in Black Marsh, Archeins were very powerful and made fortunes by selling other Argonians into slavery (at the expense of being branded as traitors).[21] They also served as the advisors of Imperial governors in Black Marsh, and were in charge of the more rural districts as well. Since other races have realized that Argonia is unfit for plantations, they have gone bankrupt.[93][10]
  • Copper-Eyes: A tribe native to Murkmire, they fell victim to the depredations from those of Mazzatun.[94]
  • Gee-Rusleel or Miredancers: An introspective and pious tribe. They have a deep connection to the Hist, naming a "Sap-Speaker" who is said to work as a direct intermediary between the Hist and the Argonian people. They are also obsessed with games and inveterate gamblers.[61]
  • Hee-Tepsleel accordingly to the "Tribal Connections" book - tribe that to raise the crops that Black-Tongues use in their alchemical brews.[95]
  • Kota-Vimleel or Black-Tongues: A tribe native to Murkmire. They are accomplished Alchemists and ardent Sithis worshippers, able to modify the hatching time of their eggs so that most hatch under the sign of the Shadow, providing a large amount of Shadowscales.[61]
  • Moss-Skins: A tribe native to Murkmire and long-time allies of the Bright-Throats.[94] They have a tendency to follow the path of least resistance.[96]
  • Naga-Kur or Dead-Water: Described as having "huge mouths filled with dripping needle-like fangs". They are usually seven to eight feet tall. The majority of the native brigands and highwaymen are tribeless Naga.[93][2]
  • Paatru: Described as "toad-like", they live in the inner part of Argonia.[93]
  • Tum-Taleel or Root-House People: A tribe native to Murkmire. They do not create anything on their own, relying solely on other tribes to provide for their needs. This even applies to residence, leading them to often raze entire towns for themselves. They destroy what they do not need any more, to keep the other tribes creating things.[61][97]
  • Sarpa: Described as being "winged", though it's unclear if this is meant literally or not. They live in the interior of Black Marsh.[93]
  • Su-Zahleel: The peaceful tribe of Shadowfen that have been abducted and pressed into slavery by the warrior fanatic tribe of Xit-Xaht that have been driven mad by their psychotic Hist.[98]
  • Veeskhleel-Tzel or Ghost People: A tribe native to Murkmire. They feature pale white scales and are known to steal the dead of other tribes and perform necromantic rituals on them.[61] They are unable to lay eggs themselves, and are forced to steal them from other tribes, as well.[97]
  • Wasseek-haleel or Bright-Throats: A tribe native to Murkmire. Their tribe is composed of cheerful artisans who have enjoyed a fruitful relationship with both outsiders and deep-swamp Argonians. The Bright-Throats are famous for their rich music and dance tradition, as well as their preternatural talent as woodcarvers.[61]
  • Xit-Xaht: Tribe of warrior fanatics that have been driven mad by their psychotic Hist in Shadowfen.[98]



See AlsoEdit



  1. ^ Ask Us Anything Variety Pack 4
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Pocket Guide to the Empire, 3rd Edition: The War with the Trees: Argonia and the Black MarshImperial Geographical Society, 3E 432
  3. ^ a b c d The Improved Emperor's Guide to Tamriel: Black MarshFlaccus Terentius, 2E 581
  4. ^ Dreams From the Hist quest in ESO
  5. ^ Father of the NibenFlorin Jaliil
  6. ^ a b Before the Ages of ManAicantar of Shimerene
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Events of ESO
  8. ^ Journal of Tsona-Ei — Tsona-Ei
  9. ^ a b Reman II: The Limits of AmbitionHigh King Emeric
  10. ^ a b c d Pocket Guide to the Empire, 1st Edition: The Wild RegionsImperial Geographical Society, 2E 864
  11. ^ a b c d Argonians Among UsSil Rothril
  12. ^ 2920, The Last Year of the First EraCarlovac Townway
  13. ^ Description of Dres Grandmaster Memorial Medal in ESO
  14. ^ Pocket Guide to the Empire, 1st Edition: MorrowindImperial Geographical Society, 2E 864
  15. ^ Stormhold, City of ShadowfenCirantille
  16. ^ On the Knahaten FluArchivist Neleminduure
  17. ^ Jorunn the Skald-KingHelgreir Lute-Voice, Bard of Windhelm
  18. ^ The Second Akaviri InvasionYngmaer Raven-Quill, Historian Royal of the Bards' College, Solitude
  19. ^ a b c Against the SnakesDenskar
  20. ^ Unexpected Allies
  21. ^ a b c From Argonian to SaxhleelVicecanon Heita-Meen
  22. ^ The Time of the Ebonheart PactAlla Lalleth
  23. ^ a b Guide to the Ebonheart Pact
  24. ^ A Free Argonian's Manifesto
  25. ^ A Short History of MorrowindJeanette Sitte
  26. ^ Dreekius' dialogue in Redguard
  27. ^ Lives of the SaintsTribunal Temple
  28. ^ Pocket Guide to the Empire, 3rd Edition: The Temple: MorrowindImperial Geographical Society, 3E 432
  29. ^ a b Rumors in Oblivion
  30. ^ a b c d Lord of Souls — Gregory Keyes
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h The Infernal City — Gregory Keyes
  32. ^ a b Rising Threat, Vol. IVLathenil of Sunhold
  33. ^ Adril Arano's dialogue in Dragonborn
  34. ^ a b History of Raven RockLyrin Telleno
  35. ^ Skyrim's RuleAbdul-Mujib Ababneh
  36. ^ Dialogue in Skyrim
  37. ^ Dominion Troops General Order 719a
  38. ^ Appearance of the Bright-Throat, Root-Whisper and Dead-Water Hist trees in ESO Murkmire, and the Hatching Pools and Forsaken Hamlet Hist in ESO
  39. ^ Tree-Minder Pavu's dialogue in ESO
  40. ^ Tribes of Murkmire: MiredancersEmmanubeth Hurrent, the Wayfarers' Society of Wayrest
  41. ^ Loremaster's Archive: Murkmire Q&A Part 2 — Jee-Lar
  42. ^ Helstrom Ancestor Lizard pet description in ESO
  43. ^ Scaly Steeds of Black MarshUkaspa, Lilmoth Stablemaster
  44. ^ The Lost Communion
  45. ^ Haj Uxith Corridors loading screen in ESO
  46. ^ The Strange Case of Ja-Reet
  47. ^ Mark of Egg-Births
  48. ^ Myths and Legends of the HistCirantille
  49. ^ a b Travelling-New-Woman's dialogue in Morrowind
  50. ^ Chal-Maht's dialogue in ESO
  51. ^ Tseedasi and Tree-Minder Pavu's dialogue during ESO
  52. ^ a b Egg-Tender Meena's dialogue and schedule in ESO
  53. ^ Rhymes and ChimesChak-Shushu
  54. ^ Keepers of the Shell quest name and the usage of the moniker "keeper" by tenders such as Keeper Uxith-Ei
  55. ^ Keeper's Everfount Inkplume item description in ESO
  56. ^ Mark of Egg-Births
  57. ^ Book of Thoughts
  58. ^ The Strangeness of DryskinsKaal Dreenjee of the Naga-Kur
    Translated by Tyrrya Len, The Wayrest Wanderer
  59. ^ Description of Keeper's Licorice Worm Dowsing Rod in ESO
  60. ^ Amber Plasm Pacifier description in ESO
  61. ^ a b c d e f g Tribes of MurkmireEmmanubeth Hurrent, the Wayfarers' Society of Wayrest
  62. ^ Empty Nest quest in Murkmire.
  63. ^ Loremaster's Archive: Murkmire Q&A — Jee-Lar
  64. ^ Marshmist Palescale skin description in ESO
  65. ^ A Grand TransformationTree-Minder Hleelieek
  66. ^ a b c On ArgoniansCirantille
  67. ^ Events of Skyrim
  68. ^ a b Keystones of Loriasel
  69. ^ a b c Sacred PlacesGoes-Here-and-There
  70. ^ Madesi's dialogue in Skyrim
  71. ^ Calcinator Treatise
  72. ^ Crafting Motif 70, Elder ArgonianConcordia Mercius
  73. ^ Crafting Motif 69, Dead-WaterBolu, Reel-Ka of the Dead-Water Tribe
  74. ^ Crafting Motif 45, MazzatunArmsman Omeeta, Stormhold Fighters Guildhall
  75. ^ Crafting Motifs 9: The ArgoniansDoctor Alfidia Lupus
  76. ^ Jar of Pickled Frog Eyes item description in ESO
  77. ^ Palm Oil Spine Balm item description in ESO
  78. ^ Herbal Moisturizer item description in ESO
  79. ^ The Sharper Tongue: A Jel PrimerLights-the-Way, Mystic of the Mages Guild
  80. ^ Jaxsik-Orrn's dialogue and mannerisms in ESO
  81. ^ Varieties of FaithBrother Mikhael Karkuxor of the Imperial College
  82. ^ Art of the Nisswo quest in Murkmire
  83. ^ Sap-Speaker Kuzei's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  84. ^ Dialogue in the quest Death and Dreaming in ESO
  85. ^ Famia Mercius's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  86. ^ Xukas's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  87. ^ Jaxsik-Orrn's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  88. ^ a b Children of the RootSolis Aduro
  89. ^ Description of Argonian Tail Stocking in ESO
  90. ^ Description of Corimont Mouth-Plover Cage in ESO
  91. ^ Description of Crawling Night Pillow in ESO
  92. ^ Crafting Motifs 11: Ancient ElvesSeif-ij Hidja
  93. ^ a b c d e The Argonian AccountWaughin Jarth
  94. ^ a b Bond-Guru Topeth's dialogue
  95. ^ Tribes of Murkmire: Tribal ConnectionsEmmanubeth Hurrent, the Wayfarers' Society of Wayrest
  96. ^ Deed-Tei's dialogue
  97. ^ a b Events of Murkmire
  98. ^ a b Sap and Stone quest in Shadowfen