Lore:Jel

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"Much of the nuance of Argonian conversation blooms from heavy metaphor and subtle body movements." – Lights-the-Way, Mystic of the Mages Guild[1]

Jel is the native language of the Argonians. Jel originates from the ancient and intelligent Hist trees of Black Marsh. The Argonian Mere-Glim claimed that Jel was the "closest speech to thought", and that other races could not pronounce it well enough to freely converse with it.[2] Nevertheless, Annaïg Hoïnart, a Breton, was able to learn enough Jel words to create a sort of pidgin language to converse with Mere-Glim.[2]

The unintelligibility of Jel to other races is satirically alluded to in The Madness of Pelagius: "It was said that when the Argonian ambassador from Blackrose came to court, Pelagius insisted on speaking in all grunts and squeaks, as that was the Argonian's natural language."

Jel and TimeEdit

"Mere-Glim wondered what would happen if he died. It was generally believed that Argonians had been given their souls by the Hist, and when one died, one's soul returned to them, to be incarnated once more. That seemed reasonable enough, under ordinary circumstances. In the deepest parts of his dreams or profound thinking were images, scents, tastes that the part of him that was sentient could not remember experiencing. The concept the Imperials called "time" did not even have a word in his native language. In fact, the hardest part of learning the language of the Imperials was that they made their verbs different to indicate when something happened, as if the most important thing in the world was to establish a linear sequence of events, as if doing so somehow explained things better than holistic apprehension."The Infernal City

Jel completely lacks tense, and Argonians generally view all of life from birth to death as a single moment. To them, time is an illusion established to create a linear version of events and is therefore considered a limited way of perceiving reality. In fact, the hardest challenge for Argonians learning other languages is getting used to the presence of past-tense and future-tense verbs.[2]

Body LanguageEdit

"My tail whips from side to side, and yet you wish speak? Speak then." — Ereel-Jush, storyteller of Naga-Kur

Much of the Argonian language also relies on non-verbal communication or "body language" to convey meaning, which may be lost in translation for those unaccustomed to the Argonian's way of speaking. This difficulty in comprehension also goes in the other direction, where an inexperienced Argonian may have difficulty interpreting the emotions of an outsider.[3] This mutual inability to decipher body language may be why Argonians speaking Tamrielic will often preface their statements with an emotional qualifier, seen most often in the form of "I erect the spine of ...".

The use of body language in communication becomes more prevalent in the more isolated Argonian tribes who have had little contact with the other races of Tamriel. An example is the Naga-Kur tribe, their representatives often consider it necessary to specify their non-verbal gestures as they speak with outsiders, though other Argonians can interpret them well enough.[4]

Some examples of this include:
"I extend the claw of welcome, warrior." — General Dar-Liurz
"I shake my head in disbelief." — Raj-Kaal Seelan of the Naga-Kur
"I nod my head. Yes. ..." — Grave-Singer Ki-At of the Naga-Kur
"I recoil in mock disgust." — Utazaw of the Naga-Kur
"[...]My rage-quill is engorged!" — Chime-Maker Shuvu of the Bright-Throats

PronunciationEdit

"It was said that when the Argonian ambassador from Blackrose came to court, Pelagius insisted on speaking in all grunts and squeaks, as that was the Argonian's natural language."Tsathenes, The Madness of Pelagius.

G in the beginning of a word is pronounced as a voiced velar plosive, as in "ground" — geeva /gi:va/.

X in most cases will be pronounced as [z] — xanmeer /zanmi:r/

H when set before an "l" serves as a connective voiceless consonant that is vocalized by Argonians on the breath-out. Known uses of "hl" in such a way exists in the word "Saxhleel", and tribe names utilizing the word "leel", such as "Su-Zahleel". — Su-Zahleel /su:zahli:l/.

Compound wordsEdit

Compound words are common in Jel, generally consisting of an adjective and a noun or two nouns. Example:

  • "Kajthux" — Ample serpent

Consists of:

  • Kaj — Ample
  • Thux — Snake or Serpent

Some compounds are written with hyphens. It is unknown if there is any semantic difference between these and other compounds. Example:

  • "Deek-beeko" — Friend of youth

Consist of:

  • Deek — Young, sapling
  • Beeko — Friend


Jel DictionaryEdit

This section contains known Jel words and their meanings.

AEdit

Ajum
A woven tray with a netted lid, used e.g. for serving food[5]
Alten

BEdit

Beeko
Friend. Sometimes may be used sarcastically[1]
Beek-ojel
Literally friend-outsider or non-Jel speaking friend[1]
Bijum[6]
Bok
Bowl[1]
Bok-Xul
Bowl of Death"[7]
Buseek[8]

CEdit

Chukka

DEdit

Daril
Literally seeing everything in ecstasy;[2] a name for a drug
Deek
Young, sapling[9]
Deek-beeko[1]
Literally sapling-friend. Friend of youth, child-friend.
Deelith
One who passes wisdom to another[1]
Delaw[8]
Dimik
Vivid[4]
Dooka
Mature, adult[9]

EEdit

Eenu[10]
Ei
possibly Eye, or Eyes (see Haj-Ei)

FEdit

Fek
Plant[11]

GEdit

Gah
Basket (see Thtithil-gah - "egg basket")
Gee
Geel
Gloor
Will; desire; need (of the Hist).[12]
Greel
Enemy (used mostly for hostile creatures or outsiders)[1][13]
Gulvo
[14]
Gulweet
[15]

HEdit

Haj
Hidden, or hides[1]
Haj mota
Hidden hunter
Hee-Tepsleel
translation unknown; A tribe that raises crops for the Black-Tongue tribe's alchemical brews.[16]
Hej
Vaporous (see hejsetha thtithik, hejsetha thtitleel, and hej xajhuthi kroni[17])
Hejsetha
Vaporous, floating (see "Hejsetha thtithik" and "Hejsetha thtitleel"[17])
Hejsetha thtithik
Literally vaporous, floating egg hatcher;[17] wispmother
Hejsetha thtitleel
Literally vaporous floating sphere;[17] wisp
Hej xajhuthi kroni
Literally vaporous, dangerous crones. Translated less directly as "beware of witchlights"[17]
Hewei
Odd[10]
Hoto[10]
Huptal
[6]

IEdit

Ithix[18]
Iuheeez
Wing folding. A manner in which butterfly wings are prepared into edible presentations[5]

JEdit

Jel
Jekka

KEdit

Ka
War (see ka-deelith, kaal and reel-ka)
Kaj
Ample; giant
Kaj-jeke thota
Ample stinging insect. Referring to a Giant Wasp[17]
Kajthux
Ample serpent. Referring to a Giant Snake[17]
Kaju
Dream-beast or sacred-beast. [10]
Kaoc
A type of vulgar interjection[2][19]
Keshu
Literally stands apart[20]
Ki
Doll
Krona
Big, colossal. Typically used in jest or exaggeration[1]
Ku
To bring about or allow[21]
Kuhupwo
Mouth-talk. The rare phenomenon of a Hist tree speaking directly through speech[4]
Kuuda
Idiot.[22][23]

LEdit

Leel
Tribe/people; often used to denote a group or a tribe (see Kota-Vimleel, Tum-Taleel, Wasseek-Haleel)
Lukiul
Assimilated. Used to signify an Argonian who has adapted to a non-Argonian culture[2][1]

MEdit

Mahleel
Human[24][25]
Malgai[26]
Masu
Big-mouthed reptile (see rormasu' and wamasu[17])
Maxeem-urto
River clam[4]
Meht
Possibly cracker (see Ixtaxh-thtithil-meht – "exact-Egg-Cracker"[2][6])
Mota
Hunt or hunter[7]

NEdit

Nalpa
Literally rotten; bad (refers to something or someone of generally low quality)[1]
Nassa
Probably leader (see Raj-nassa – "elder leader")
Norg
Forbidden. Not used often as most forbidden things are not spoken of[1]
Nushmeeko
Lizard[9]

OEdit

Oj
Possibly denoting negation, judging by its use[13]
Ojei
Possibly roughly meaning No-Eyes, referring to the fact that they are blind[27]:
Ojel
Literally, not of Argonian tongue or non-speaker of Jel, marking somebody not of the tribe, an outsider. Sometimes used as an insult[4][1]

PEdit

Pahnjee
Fumer [28]

REdit

Raj
Elder[20]
Rajpu
[29]
Reel-ka
Warrior[1]
Reelsh[8]
Rormasu
Literally big-mouthed reptile that blinks above the water. Referring to a crocodile[17]
Ruheeva
Seemingly a greeting used for strangers[30][31]

SEdit

Sa
unknown. [13]
Sakka
Saxhleel
Literally people of the Root. Referring to the Argonians, as well as eleventh month of the Argonian calendar[2][1]
Sei
Possibly rite or ritual (see Vastei-Sei - "Ritual of Change", or chukka-sei - argonian rites of maturity).
Seizo
An exclamation, not necessarily of a bad connotation[4]
Shaja
Semi-humanoid[9]
Shap
Frog (see tsonashap - swimming frog)
Sharith[17]
Sisei
Sprout; the third month of the Argonian calendar[9]

TEdit

Tchee
unknown. [13]
Teeba
Ball[32]
Thtachalxan
Literally Drykillers[2]. Non-Argonian guards
Thtithatei
Egg-stomach. Used by some tribes in relation to procreation partnerships[12]
Thtithil
Egg [1]
Thtithil-gah
Egg basket. Seventh month of the Argonian calendar[9]
Thuxis
Snake;[17] also refers to one who is deceptive[1]
Toh
Secret[3]
Topee-rajta
Loosely meaning older than dirt[4]
Toteik
Great (used sparingly for only particularly exceptional things)[1]
Tsetha
Floating (see hejtsetha thtithik and hejtsetha thtitleel[17])
Tsoko
Elderly, elder [9]
Tsona
Swim or to swim [1]
Tumjum
House-weaving. Usually allegorical.[12]
Tzel
Place[33]. Possibly also marking area or territory (see Norg-Tzel[33] and Veeskhleel-Tzel[16])

UEdit

Uvastuxith
Nest-becoming. A term for a procreational partnership[12]
Ux
A sacred mating practices of Argonians[34]
Uxith
Nest, home, bed[19][1]
Uxith-beeko
Literally nest-friend. More directly a sexual partner[35]

VEdit

Vahat
Unclean, or taboo[10]. [13]
Vakka
Sun, as well as first month of the Argonian calendar[1]
Vakka-Shuxalt
[36]
Vastei
Change[21][1] or transition
Veesk
Ghost (taken from Veeskhleel')
Vexu-vit
Persnickety. Somebody who is fussy or particular[4]
Voh-vastei
Apprentice[37]
Vos
Stone[4]

WEdit

Wamasu
Roughly translated as big-mouthed reptile of blood lightning[17]
Wasseek-Haleel
Bright-Throats[16][6]
Waxhuthi
A type of vulgar interjection, when used in context it seems to mean "dammit"[2][13]
Wutulm
Legend, used to describe a person[10]
Wuxa[8]

XEdit

Xal
Sacred[38][1]
Xal-toh
[39]
Xeech
Nut or seed; the second month of the Argonian calendar[1][9]
Xhu
Yes[2]
Xhuth
A type of vulgar interjection[2] (also spelt "xuth"[22])
Xo
Possibly poisonous or toxic (see xochipalli and xoxoctic)
Xouch
Bee[40]
Xul
Death or pertaining to death[1]
Xul-vaat
Grave-stake. A stake pierced through a dead Argonian, telling a story of their life[10][41]
Xulomaht
Deceased; the twelfth month of the Argonian calendar[9]

ZEdit

Zaht
[42]


Proper nounsEdit

For the complete list of Saxhleel names see the Argonian names article.
This section contains known Jel names, titles, and other proper nouns.

AEdit

Adzi-Kostleel
Argonian tribe name[43]
Atak
The Great Root. The first thing to ever be accordingly to the oral tradition of the Adzi-Kostleel tribe.[43]
Atakota
The evercoiling clinging of the Great Serpent and the Great Root accordingly to the oral tradition of the Adzi-Kostleel tribe[43]
Aojee-sakka
An exquisite soup. Possibly lethal if eaten in the wrong manner[5]

CEdit

Chukka-sei
A trial of maturation, upon completion of which, Argonians are considered to have come of age[9]

GEdit

Gee-Rusleel
The Miredancers. A tribe of Murkmire[16]

HEdit

Haj-Ei
Translates into Hides-His-Eyes. An Argonian name[44]
Hist-Deek
Hist Sapling. Fourth month of the Argonian calendar[9]
Hist-Dooka
Mature Hist. Fifth month of the Argonian calendar[9]
Hist-Tsoko
Elderly Hist. Sixth month of the Argonian calendar[9]

IEdit

Ixtaxh-thtithil-meht
Exact-Egg-Cracker. The name of a great stepped pyramid in Lilmoth[2][6]

JEdit

Jekka-wass[8]
Profession of the keeper of the Xinchei-Konu [9]
Jekka-wats[45]
Plural of Jekka-wass

KEdit

Kaal
War captain. A revered title, especially in more violent tribes[4][1]
Ka-deelith
War-teacher. A title for the one responsible for training warriors[46]
Kota
The name of the Great Serpent challenging the first Great Root accordingly to the oral tradition of the Adzi-Kostleel tribe.[43]
Kota-Vimleel
Literally Black-Tongues. Denotes Black-Tongue tribe of Murkmire[16]
Krona-kaal
A particularly skilled or famous war chief in the Dead-Water tribe[10]
Kronkassa[13]
Kronka-thatith
Everything-Egg. Roughly refers to all land occupied by the Argonian tribes when used with the gesture meaning "wide-swamp."[12]
Ku-vastei
A catalyst of change. Can be a person, a thing, or an occurrence but can be interpreted as "that which causes the necessary path for change to occur" "A ku-vastei is what sets things into motion again."[21][47]

NEdit

Nagahssee
Snake roll. A dish prepared in Murkmire consisting of a snake skin filled with various vegetables and a live mouse[5]
Naga-Kur
The Dead-Water tribe of Murkmire[16]
Naheesh
Tribal elder. Typically a position of wisdom, although not necessarily one of power[1]
Nisswo
Priest of Sithis[48], also Nothing-speaker
Norg-Tzel
Literally forbidden place. A secluded island in southeastern Black Marsh[33]
Norg-vos
Warning stone[4]
Nushmeeko
Lizard; the ninth month of the Argonian calendar[9]

REdit

Raj-beeko
Literally elder friend. Or more likely, old friend (restores from: "raj" meaning "elder" and "beeko" meaning "friend"). Being used in conjunction. [1]:
Raj-deelith
Literally elder teacher[20]
Raj-kaal
Literally elder war captain, a war chief, a high military rank[10]
Raj-nassa
Literally elder leader[49]
Ree-An-Wo
Swallowed Grove[50]

SEdit

Saxhleel
Literally people of the Root. Referring to the Argonians, as well as eleventh month of the Argonian calendar[2][1]
Seekhat-Xol
native village of Keshu the Black Fin [20]
Shaja-Nushmeeko
Literally Semi-humanoid lizard. Tenth month of the Argonian calendar[9]
Shunatei
Literally translated as 'Regretful Stomach', it refers to the concept of being pained by focusing too much on what has come to pass, and worrying too much about the future.[51]
Shuulmtul
[52]
Su-Zahleel

TEdit

Tar-sakka[8]
Teeba-hatsei
"Hip and tail ball". A popular Argonian sport[32]
Teeba-enoo
Another popular Argonian sport[6]
Theilul
A type of Argonian rum made from distilled sugar cane[2]
Thtithil-gah
Egg basket. Seventh month of the Argonian calendar[9]
Tsono-Xuhil
The name of Mazzatun's Hist[53][54][55]
Tsonashap
Literally swimming frog[2]
Tsona-Geeva
untranslated [56]
Tum-Taleel
Literally "Root-House People. Denoting the Root-House tribe in Murkmire[16]
Tutan-wei[6]

UEdit

Ux-deelith
A tribe member leading the practice of ux, a sacred mating ritual[57]

VEdit

Vakka
Sun. Also the first month of the Argonian calendar. [58]
Vakka-Bok
Bowl of the Sun. An ancient Argonian ruin in northern Murkmire. [6]
Vakka-Shuxalt
Sun-Eater. name of devotees to the vampire Shuxaltsei. [59]
Vastei-Sei
Ritual of Change[8]
Veeskhleel
Literally, the Ghost People. Denoting Ghost-People tribe of Murkmire[16]
Vossa-satl
An organ/bagpipe-like instrument popular in Murkmire, played with live frogs of various species.[60]

WEdit

Wasseek-Haleel
Literally the Bright-Throats. A tribe of Murkmire[16][6]
Wazeithi
[6]
Wuju-ka[26]
Wuthilul
Translates into Mere-Glim. An Argonian name[2]

XEdit

Xal-fek
Sacred plant. Fourteen plants considered sacred to the Black-Tongue tribe[11]
Xal Ithix
Sacred unknown. a settlement in Shadowfen, named after the nearby ruins. [18]
Xal-thtithil
Sacred egg[61]
Xal-uxith
Sacred nest. Where Argonian eggs are tended to[20]
Xal-vastei
Sacred change. Created at Xinchei-Konu monument[1]
Xanmeer
A term for the ancient stepped pyramids found in Black Marsh[38]
Xeech'ki
Seed doll. A wood figurine typically carved by members of Bright-Throat Tribe, depicting local animals or tiny Argonians[16]
Xinchei-Konu
An ancient Argonian calendar. Also refers to the monument constructed for it[8]
Xiniss
An Argonian village in Black Marsh[62]
Xit-Xaht
An Argonian tribe which resides in the Ruins of Mazzatun[63]
Xochipalli
Presumably the name of a poisonous plant found in Murkmire[64]
Xoxoctic
Presumably the name of a poisonous plant found in Murkmire[64]
Xul-Axith
Death-unknown. An ancient city made of black stone found in Black Marsh[65]
Xul-mota
Death-hunt. A challenging hunt for a dangerous beast[7]
Xulneihavu
[13][36]
Xul-Thuxis
Snake-Means-Death City. Literally death snake, an ancient Argonian city in northern Murkmire[66]
Xulomaht
The Deceased. As well as twelfth month of the Argonian calendar[9]

SentencesEdit

"Gulvo vakka-lo Kajin-Jat!"[67]


"Vakka reelsh vastei buseek xal!"
"Delaw ruheeva wuxa vastei bok tar-sakka!" [68]


"Sa kot xulneihavu! Sithis tchee shu kronkassa."
"U Hist-greel kota norg-xeech."
"Ruheeva u xul-vahat!"
"Waxhuthi! Norgsa oj!"[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad The Sharper Tongue: A Jel PrimerLights-the-Way, Mystic of the Mages Guild
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q The Infernal City — Gregory Keyes
  3. ^ a b Jee-Lar's dialogue in ESO
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Xukas's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  5. ^ a b c d A Culinary AdventureRallaume Lemonds, Culinary Crusader
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Famia Mercius' dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  7. ^ a b c Bolu's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Jekka-Wass Vozei's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r The Seasons of ArgoniaJekka-Wass Paxalt, Keeper of the Xinchei-Konu
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jaxsik-Orrn's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  11. ^ a b Waku-Mat's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  12. ^ a b c d e Loremaster's Archive: Murkmire Q&A
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i Shuxaltsei's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  14. ^ Kassandra's dialogue in ESO
  15. ^ Beehuna's dialogue in ESO
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Tribes of MurkmireEmmanubeth Hurrent, the Wayfarers' Society of Wayrest
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Kyne's Challenge: A Hunter's Companion
  18. ^ a b Xal Ithix in ESO
  19. ^ a b Crafting Motifs 9: The ArgoniansDoctor Alfidia Lupus
  20. ^ a b c d e Keshu: From Egg to AdolescencePeek-Ereel, Friend and Confidant to Keshu the Black Fin
  21. ^ a b c Ku-Vastei: The Needed ChangeLights-the-Way, Mystic of the Mages Guild
  22. ^ a b Ajim-Jaa's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  23. ^ Nurhei's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  24. ^ Guhcin's dialogue during The Skin Taker in ESO: Murkmire
  25. ^ Bar-Goh's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  26. ^ a b Dradeiva's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  27. ^ Ojei, a mutated Argonian found in Blight Bog Sump
  28. ^ Jaxsik-Orrn's dialogue during Whispers in the Wood
  29. ^ From Wrothgar to Lilmoth: A Smith's Tale, Vol 3Garnozag, Master Smith
  30. ^ Meewulm's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  31. ^ Aliskeeh's greeting in ESO: Murkmire
  32. ^ a b Teeba-Hatsei
  33. ^ a b c Norg-Tzel loading screen text in ESO
  34. ^ Ux-Deelith Mezatil's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  35. ^ Tloxalith's dialogue in ESO
  36. ^ a b Vakka-Shuxalt Amulet item description in ESO
  37. ^ Iskenaaz's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  38. ^ a b The Improved Emperor's Guide to Tamriel: Black MarshFlaccus Terentius, 2E 581
  39. ^ The Journal of Margus DeriusMargus Derius
  40. ^ Letters from the War: Mead!
  41. ^ Grave-Singer Ki-At's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  42. ^ The Fruit and the Stone
  43. ^ a b c d Children of the RootSolis Aduro
  44. ^ Haj-Ei in Morrowind
  45. ^ Captive's Journal
  46. ^ Beel-Ranu's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  47. ^ Choixth's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  48. ^ Nisswo Uaxal's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  49. ^ Keshu: The Rites of Maturity — Peek-Ereel, Friend and Confidant to Keshu the Black Fin
  50. ^ Swallowed Grove loading screen text in ESO
  51. ^ Talen-Jush's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  52. ^ Farewell Note
  53. ^ Na-Kesh's JournalTree-Minder Na-Kesh
  54. ^ Na-Kesh's dialogue in ESO
  55. ^ Heem-Jas's dialogue in ESO
  56. ^ Eshraf's Journal in ESO
  57. ^ Something About Stibbons quest in ESO: Murkmire
  58. ^ Description of the Vakka Tablet quest item
  59. ^ Vakka-Shuxalt Amulet
  60. ^ On Playing the Frogs — Toralf
  61. ^ Kassandra's dialogue in ESO: Murkmire
  62. ^ Teeba-Hatsei
  63. ^ The Xit-Xaht tribe in ESO
  64. ^ a b Quest item text in Empty Nest
  65. ^ Lost Tales of the Famed ExplorerSolis Aduro
  66. ^ Xul-Thuxis loading screen text in ESO
  67. ^ Kassandra's dialogue in ESO:Murkmire
  68. ^ Jekka-Wass Vozei's dialogue in ESO:Murkmire