Ard Caddach (?b - ?d)Edit
Ard Caddach of the Blackdrakes Clan (also known as the Despot of Markarth) was an infamous Reachman who ruled the eastern part of the Reach as an independent nation during the Skyrim Schism in the mid-Second Era. Caddach was acquainted with the Order of the Black Worm, the necromancer Javad Tharn, and the cult's leader, Mannimarco.
During the dynasty of the Longhouse Emperors, Caddach was made the Imperial Governor of Markarth in 2E 559. His role was to both rule the city and to maintain peace between the local Reach Clans. After the fall of the Longhouse Emperors in 2E 577, a great number of Reachmen departed Cyrodiil to invade the holds of Western Skyrim. However, High King Svargrim of Solitude drove the Reachmen back and continued to guard his kingdom against the Despot of Markarth's forces until at least 2E 582.
Caius Cosades (?b - ?d)Edit
Caius Cosades was the Imperial Grand Spymaster of the Blades that were stationed in Vvardenfell in 3E 427. He played a major part in the defeat of Dagoth Ur and in the Nerevarine prophecies. Caius' cover story in Balmora was that of an old man with a skooma problem; however, at some point, he had become addicted to skooma, resulting in the higher-ups becoming concerned about his addiction.
Calaxes Septim was the bastard son of Emperor Uriel Septim VII. He was given the Archbishopric of The One in the Church of the Nine Divines. During Calaxes' reign as Archbishop, tensions grew between himself and the Emperor due to Calaxes' views on the secularity of government, and the Emperor's legislation to limit the Church's authority. Rumors grew that Calaxes was advocating a rebellion to establish a theocracy, and soon afterwards he disappeared, in the Temple of the One, supposedly assassinated by the Imperial Guard, because of the threat he represented. His disappearance was dated to the 29th of Sun's Dusk 3E 498[sic]. Since the Third Era did not last to that date, the death date as given is probably a typo.
Calcelmo of Markarth (?b - ?d)Edit
Calcelmo, Scholar of Markarth, was an Altmer conjurer of great renown who dedicated himself to researching the Dwemer. He and his nephew Aicantar studied the Dwemer ruins beneath Markarth. He is the author of the series of books known simply as Dwarves. His next expected work is a book on the translation of the Falmer language which is tentatively titled Calcelmo's Guide to the Falmer Tongue. For other historical information, see the lore article.
Caliron (?b - ?d)Edit
Caliron is an unknown figure that is somewhat associated with the Bosmer of Valenwood, who often use the exclamation, "By Caliron's Heart." His name is used on the disease, Caliron's Curse, which drains the inflicted's strength, speed, and agility until they inevitably die or cure it. Most people manage to recover in one or two weeks but their abilities remain stunted.
Calixto Corrium was a retired Imperial adventurer that was active in the Fourth Era. For most of his life, he was an adventurer that was accompanied by his sister, but later on, he became an infamous serial killer that stalked the streets of Windhelm, working under the alias of the Butcher.
Callisos (?b - ?d)Edit
Callisos was a famous traveling bard, and one of the most illustrious alumni of the Bards College. The Flame of Callisos constantly flickering next to the steps of the College was named after him. It is said that as long as the flame burns, the College will stand.
King Camaron (or Cameron), also known as the White Moon, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Sentinel in the Third Era. He was the husband of Queen Akorithi, and father of Arthago, Aubk-i, Greklith, and Lhotun.
During Camaron's rule, a disagreement between Sentinel and the Kingdom of Daggerfall over the Isle of Betony sparked a war in 3E 402. He died at the Battle of Cryngaine Field the following year, killed in a duel with Daggerfall's young King Gothryd which ended the war.
King Camoran Anaxemes (?b - ?d)Edit
Count Carolus AquilariosEdit
Carolus Aquilarios, also known as the Wolf of Kvatch, was the Count of Kvatch and nephew of Varen Aquilarios of Chorrol. Born in 2E 550, he served the city and defended it ever since Varen marched off to war against Emperor Leovic.
King Casimir II (?b - ?d)Edit
King of Wayrest in the early Second Era. He was one of the rulers over the years who made a deal to protect the dragon Nahfahlaar, though the Dragonguard successfully ended this arrangement in 2E 369.
When Cassynder became Emperor at the death of his mother, Empress Katariah, in 3E 200, he was already middle-aged. Only half-elven, he aged like a Breton (like his father, Pelagius Septim III). In fact, he had left the rule of Wayrest to his half-brother Uriel due to poor health. Nevertheless, as the only true blood relation of Pelagius, and thus Tiber Septim, he was pressed into accepting the throne. His rule was a short as he died after only two years on the throne in 3E 202, succeeded by his adopted half-brother, Uriel Lariat (Uriel IV).
Cassyr Whitley (?b - ?d)Edit
A character in the popular historical fiction 2920, The Last Year of the First Era, it's unknown if he was a historical figure. According to the novels, he was a Breton who spied for Vivec in 1E 2920 during the Four-Score War, but made a bad assumption and gained a bad reputation across the continent as a terrible spy. He hated Vivec for that and, in an act of revenge, lied to the mighty witch Turala about her child's killers in order to make her summon Mehrunes Dagon and destroy Old Mournhold.
Empress Caula Voria (3E?b - ?d)Edit
The wife of Uriel Septim VII who bore him his three legitimate sons, Princes Geldall, Enman, and Ebel. One source suggests that she died a short time after the birth of their third child, some time between 3E 380 and 3E 382, while another indicates she was still alive after the Imperial Simulacrum, and so must still have been alive at least in the early years of the Third Era's Fifth Century. She was said to be a beautiful and charming woman, greatly loved and admired by the people. However, she was also called a deeply unpleasant, arrogant, ambitious, grasping woman who "snared" Uriel VII with her feminine wiles. They ultimately held a great deal of animosity for each other, presumably to the detriment of their children. Uriel VII had two known children to whom she was not the mother.
Cavor Merula (?b - ?d)Edit
Cavor Merula was a warrior-priest of Akatosh. After the collapse of the Second Empire, he re-established the Order of the Hour in 2E 432, as a means to protect the Cathedral of Akatosh in Kvatch and the priesthood.[nb 2] Cavor gathered a few devoted and trusted fellow priests and dedicated himself and his brothers to the defense of the Cathedral.
One of his first tasks was to dedicate the site that had become known as Knightsgrave to the memory of the Order's founding members. Blessings and rituals were performed, giving substance to the Exalted Dead that lingered in the place's shadowy interior. Not wanting to disturb those resting herein, Cavor instead set out to build the Enclave of the Hourglass as the Order's new home on the Gold Coast.
Loremaster Celarus (?b - ?d)Edit
Leader of the Psijics for at least 290 years as of 3E 400. (Waughin Jarth records him as the leader of the Order as far back as at least 3E 110). He was the author of The Old Ways. Response to Bero's Speech mentions a sage by the name of Celarus, though it's unclear if they're the same person.
King Cenedelin (?b - ?d)Edit
Son of Emperor Pelagius II, brother to Potema, Magnus, and Antiochus. He was involved in the War of the Red Diamond in 3E 121. After capturing and the subsequent death of Emperor Uriel III at the Battle of Ichidag in 3E 127 he continued on to the Imperial Palace and was crowned Emperor. Cephorus' reign is marked by nothing but war. By all accounts, he was a kind and intelligent man, but what Tamriel needed was a great warrior, and that he was. It still took an additional ten years of constant warfare for him to defeat his sister Potema. Cephorus died in 3E 140. Sources seem to differ on whether and when he married. Brief History of the Empire claims he never married during the many years he spent at war. The historical fiction The Wolf Queen suggests he eventually took a wife, a Redguard named Bianki, with whom he ruled Gilane, Hammerfell. The Madness of Pelagius states that he never married and died childless.
Emperor Cephorus II (?b - ?d)Edit
Cephorus II was chosen as emperor by vote of the Elder Council in 3E 247, since he was a cousin more closely related to the original Septim line than was Emperor Uriel IV's son, Andorak. For the first nine years of Cephorus II's reign, those loyal to Andorak battled the Imperial forces. Of course, Cephorus II had foes that demanded more of his attention than Andorak. "From out of a cimmerian nightmare", in the words of Eraintine, a man known as the Camoran Usurper (rumored to be a lich) had led an army of daedra and undead warriors on a rampage through Valenwood and beyond, conquering kingdom after kingdom. None could resist his onslaughts, and as month turned to bloody month, fewer even tried. Cephorus II sent more and more mercenaries into Hammerfell to stop the Usurper's northward march, but they were bribed, turned into undead, or slaughtered. In short, the destruction of the forces of the Usurper had little do with efforts of the Emperor. The result was a great regional victory and an increase in hostility toward the seemingly ineffective Empire. Rebellions started under his reign would continue for decades. His reign ended in 3E 268. Emperors before him had "revered" Bretons, but Cephorus was a Nord with Skyrim and Morrowind sympathies, which irked the common man in High Rock.
Warlord Ceyran was a minor Ayleid warlord from the middle of the First Era. He was a member of the Rulanyil clan and a rumored devotee of Molag Bal. It is unknown if he was born in the clan's original home of Vilverin before the Ayleid purges in Cyrodiil, or in Rulanyil's Fall after his clan fled to Valenwood. Ceyran is most famous for building and losing three separate dominions during his long life. He was eventually killed by an unknown assassin in 1E 1102, and supposedly interred in Rulanyil's Fall.
By the time of the Interregnum, the ruins of Rulanyil's Fall had been converted into a private museum by a group called the Merethic Society. The centerpiece of the museum was the body of Ceyran, which was actually the corpse of an Altmer member of the Merethic Society who had died in a cave-in while repurposing the ruins. In 2E 582, the Worm Cult invaded the ruins in an attempt to resurrect Ceyran as a powerful undead servant. Fearing that the body would be exposed as an imposter, the Merethic Society sent the Vestige into the ruins to prevent the ritual. The cultists only succeeded in binding Nanwen's awakened spirit to a sword, which the Society agreed to part with in order to continue displaying the corpse.
Cherim (?b - ?d)Edit
Cherim was a famous Khajiiti tapestry maker who lived in Orcrest during the late Third Era. At the height of his success he had four factories creating replicas of his works and his originals were sold for extraordinary prices. Cherim's Heart of Anequina records his interview with Livillus Perus, where he discussed one of his first tapestries, the Heart of Anequina, depicting Cherim's involvement in the Heart of Anequina during the Five Year War.
Chevalier Renald was a knight descended from the Akaviri protectors of Reman Cyrodiil I, serving as a bodyguard for Reman III and as the snake-captain of the Dragonguard. He is the focus of the second chapter of Remanada. In the text, he was apparently under instruction by a pig.
Renald and his fellow knights were said to have vampire blood (either Tsaesci or literal vampire blood) which allowed them to live for ages past Reman and kept guard of his ward, Potentate Versidue-Shaie. He and Grundwulf, an apprentice of the Greybeards, were brothers-in-arms for centuries. Renald once went under the identity of Vershu, and under both identities, served as the snake-captain of the Dragonguard. He identified as Renald when Savirien-Chorak was assassinated by the Morag Tong via a poisoned black dart. He thereafter "became the protector of the northern west". With the Dragonguard disgraced and disbanded, Renald and many of his fellow members were forced to exile themselves and go into hiding.
Chimere Graegyn (?b - ?d)Edit
Chimere Graegyn, later known as Old Man Chimere, was a retainer of the ambitious Direnni clan and a master of Conjuration. He dared to scheme against Mehrunes Dagon, and won. When his trick succeeded, Dagon was cast into Oblivion. However, in the instant of his betrayal, Dagon struck out against the mortal who tricked him. Chimere's pact assured that he would live forever in his home town among the happy voices of his friends and countrymen. Twisting the literal words of Chimere's pact, Dagon scooped up tiny Caecilly Island (a small island off the coast of Northmoor) and hurled it into the Void. All Chimere's friends and countrymen were instantly killed, though the sounds of their voices remained to torment Chimere's memory. Chimere was condemned to live forever, to grow progressively old and crippled with arthritis, and to contemplate the tragic consequences of his defiance of fate and fortune in cheating a Daedra Lord.
For more information, see the main lore article.
Cicero (?b - ?d)Edit
Cicero was an Imperial assassin and Keeper of the Dark Brotherhood. As Keeper, he was responsible for caring for the Night Mother's body and casket. Little is known of him before 4E 186, when he arrived at the Dark Brotherhood Sanctuary in Cheydinhal and started keeping a journal detailing some of his many contracts. When the Night Mother's crypt in Bravil was desecrated, the coffin was brought to Cheydinhal, and Cicero was appointed Keeper. He was an accomplished assassin who was extremely deadly with a dagger, and while honored to become Keeper, he was reluctant to abandon his work. Before starting his new duties, he was allowed one last assassination, an unnamed jester whose laughter Cicero never forgot. As the Dark Brotherhood slowly deteriorated over the years, Cicero fled to Skyrim with the Night Mother's body, where one last chapter of the organization remained active. He hoped to find a haven for the Night Mother, and to find a Listener who could rejuvenate the Brotherhood. For more information, see the lore article.
Clarentavious Valisious (?b - ?d)Edit
Clarentavious Valisious was a Dunmer Battlemage in the Third Era, and the chief artificer of Emperor Uriel Septim VII. He was stationed within the Battlespire, and was responsible for creating the Great Star Galley, a vessel which could navigate the Slipstream Realm housing the Battlespire. Valisious was present during Daedric Prince Mehrunes Dagon's invasion of the Battlespire during the Imperial Simulacrum, and managed to survive by convincing the invaders that he had been ensorcelled to their will.
Empress Regent Clivia Tharn (?b - ?d)Edit
A member of the prominent Tharn family, born to Abnur Tharn and his seventh wife, Pulasia, and Abnur's sixteenth daughter overall. She married Leovic of the Longhouse Emperors, and served as his consort. When Leovic was overthrown and killed in a violent rebellion for legalizing Daedra worship in the Empire, his usurper, Duke Varen Aquilarios of Chorrol, wed Clivia to consolidate his rule. In 2E 578, Varen mysteriously disappeared during a calamity known as the Soulburst, and Clivia was quickly declared Empress Regent of the Empire in his stead. Mannimarco, who had orchestrated the Soulburst, became the power behind the Ruby Throne, turning Clivia to worship Molag Bal and manipulating her into expelling the Mages Guild from the Imperial City so that his Worm Cult could operate freely. As of 2E 582, Clivia's fate is unknown; she is not among the known survivors of the Daedric invasion of the Imperial City, and one of Molag Bal's servants, Molag Kena, impersonated her to gain access to the White-Gold Tower in order to carry out the "Planemeld Obverse" ritual.
Corda (?b - ?d)Edit
A character from the popular historical fiction 2920, The Last Year of the First Era, whether she was an actual historical figure is unknown. She was depicted as Redguard Morag Tong assassin from Hegathe, Hammerfell (but widely known as an initiate of the Morwha conservatorium). Corda's sister, Rijja was executed by her former lover Reman III in 1E 2920. After her sister's execution, Corda became his next lover but she killed him as an act of revenge at the very end of the year. After that she was sent by the Night Mother to Vounoura, an island for Morag Tong assassins who became too famous to continue their crusade.
Cormelik the Elder (?b - ?d)Edit
An explorer who showed interest towards the artifact, Auriel's Shield sometime before or during the Imperial Simulacrum, in the late Third Era. Cormelik was a skilled warrior, had prophesized the shield's possible locations, placing it all on a map. However, he was unable to acquire the shield from its last location, and his followers were eventually spread out. One of his followers had come into contact with the Eternal Champion, who was able to acquire Auriel's Shield.
Lord Corvus Direnni (?b - 1E ?d)Edit
A powerful conjurer of the Direnni clan. His spell secrets were recorded in his Grimoire. Along with his contemporary Calani Direnni, he was a pioneer of the modern School of Conjuration. Their binding rituals are still used when summoning lesser daedra. However, Corvus in particular is lauded for codifying its rules. He was apparently the first conjurer to interweave the summoning and binding of a daedra into a single spell, making the practice exponentially safer. He took part in the Battle of Glenumbra Moors circa 1E 482, where his conjured creatures played a pivotal role.
Corvus was the first to theorize that the wayshrines of Tamriel correspond to the pattern of stars in the night sky, and that they could be used as some sort of transportation network. He also used Ayleid research to devise and then promulgate the standard "portal" spells which were later put into use by the Mages Guild.
Count Corvus Umbranox (?b - ?d)Edit
Count of Anvil, he disappeared for ten years when he became the Gray Fox and inherited Nocturnal's curse, leaving his wife Millona Umbranox to rule County Anvil in his stead. He eventually returned, leaving the Thieves Guild and breaking Nocturnal's curse to resume his station.
King Cruethys (?b - 1E? d)Edit
Count Csaran (?b - ?d)Edit
The second Lord of Vitharn, the keep which his father Count Vitharn had formed from the mud of Dementia in the Shivering Isles. Vitharn and Countess Mawean had one other child, Csaran's sister Nweala. When he ascended to the throne, Csaran seemed a normal, competent ruler, and came to marry the Argonian Sheen-in-Glade. However, his persistent infidelity eventually caused Sheen-in-Glade to snap, and they began to sleep with one another less often (the only son Sheen-in-Glade bore disappeared from the Shivering Isles in his twentieth year). Csaran maintained an incestuous relationship with his sister, Nweala, and they sired a single son—the malformed and sadistic heir apparent, Cesrien.
Cuhlecain, known widely as Emperor Zero, was a petty-king of Falkreath who sought to claim the Imperial City amidst the Interregnum, like many others at the time. He was able to unite the Colovian Estates with help from his prized general Hjalti Early-Beard, and his conquests were the progenitor of the Third Empire. He has since been memorialized by the Cult of Emperor Zero, founded in his honor by his successor, Tiber Septim.
Governor Cyril Vinticae (?b - ?d)Edit
The governor of Dawnstar when it was under siege by the Ice Tribes in the late Third Era circa 3E 427.[UOL 1] Vinticae banished his four champions, rightfully suspecting that one was a traitor in league with the Ice Tribes. He called for the Hero of Dawnstar to interrogate the champions, ordering the local healer and oracle Eustacia to assist. Eustacia's visions helped the Hero to determine the truth and reveal the traitor, for which the Governor gave the Hero Starfrost.
Cyrus was born in the city of Sentinel in 2E 831 (or 2E 834 according to some sources). His father was a loyal Crown and a famous comedic playwright, and he had an older sister named Iszara. As a boy, Cyrus worked on the Sentinel docks and longed to become a pirate. It was here that he met the half-Nord pirate captain, Tobias. At the onset of the Tiber Wars in 2E 852, amidst the threat of civil war between Crowns and Forebears, Iszara was wed to a Forebear actor named Hakan.
Hakan's political views influenced the young Cyrus, who then eventually confronted his father over his loyalty to the King. Seeking to put an end to the conflict, Cyrus' father wrote a noble play about the shared history of the Ra Gada and the Na-Totambu, the predecessors of Hammerfell's two political factions. The play was a huge success and managed to abate the civil war for several years. Hakan, however, was furious at his father-in-law for causing his Forebear militia to disband. During a night of celebration, Hakan drunkenly confronted him, and struck Iszara when she tried to intervene. Cyrus came to his sister's defense and dueled Hakan to the death. He then fled Sentinel, joining on with Tobias' crew.
For the next few years, Cyrus worked as a mercenary and assassin in the employ of S'rathra, traveling all across Tamriel. It was during that time that he helped liberate a Dunmer slaver camp near Tear. After the Raid on Tear, he parted ways with Tobias, doing jobs for S'rathra alone. This work continued until 2E 864, when he received a letter from Tobias stating that his sister had apparently gone missing on the island of Stros M'Kai following the Battle of Hunding Bay. He departed High Rock and the mercenary life, never to return.
Upon arriving on the island, Cyrus delivered an amulet to Lord Richton from the Sload necromancer N'Gasta in order to find out about Iszara's whereabouts. Richton then promptly had him arrested as a rebel and thrown in the palace's catacombs. After fighting his way out, Cyrus learned that a rebel organization named the Restless League was attempting to overthrow Imperial occupation of the island. He made contact with the rebels, and discovered that Iszara had been working with them up until her disappearance. Following a series of clues, Cyrus eventually learned that Iszara had been taken prisoner by N'Gasta, who sold her soul to Clavicus Vile. Using the Flask of Lillandril, Cyrus defeated N'Gasta and rescued his sister's soul from the Fields of Regret, Vile's realm of Oblivion.
During his time on the island, Cyrus also defeated an ogre in the goblin caverns, retrieved an ancient gear from the Dwarven ruins to fix the island's observatory, and helped the Yokudans on the island get past N'Gasta's soul snare. After learning that the body of the late Prince A'tor was secretly being kept in stasis by the League, Cyrus returned to the palace catacombs and killed the dragon Nafaalilargus to recover the amulet he had originally delivered, which turned out to be the soul gem holding the Prince's soul. The League then attempted to resurrect A'tor, but instead his soul fused with his sword, creating a powerful artifact known as the Soul Sword. Cyrus rallied the disheartened rebels by taking up the sword and leading an attack on the palace. He killed Richton and the assassin Dram as they tried to escape aboard an airship. With the death of the island's provisional governor, the rebels were able to negotiate a peace treaty more favorable to Hammerfell, although it remained a part of the Third Empire.
Very little is known of Cyrus' later life, although he had ambitions of searching for the Eye of Argonia in Black Marsh. Some say he sailed west, to lands uncharted. Others claim that he took command of the legendary ship the Dead Man's Dread and sailed north to the Sea of Ghosts, drawn there by the stories of Tobias, where he amassed a great fortune and lived out the rest of his days on calm waters. The truth of the matter is unknown; by 3E 39, the Dead Man's Dread was captained by an unnamed individual who had come into possession of several relics once belonging to Cyrus, including his sabre and clothing. On the 2nd of Frostfall 3E 39, the crew of the Dead Man's Dread sailed into a subterranean pirates den on Blackbone Isle to winter there after their captain died under mysterious circumstances. The ship and crew became trapped underground after the entrance to the grotto collapsed that night. It transpired that both the captain's death and the tunnel's collapse were the work of a Forebear named K'avir, who had orchestrated the death of the entire crew due to their allegiance to the Crowns. Realizing their dire circumstances, the crewmembers decided to commit suicide rather than face starvation. They each prayed to Arkay to bind their souls to the ship, in order to honor their captain's dying wish and protect the relics of Cyrus in undeath. In 4E 201, the Last Dragonborn sailed to Blackbone Isle chasing rumors of Cyrus' lost treasure and cleansed the island of undead, claiming both the relics and the ship in the process.
- Words and Philosophy
- Exclamations — The Elder Scrolls: Arena
- Caliron's Curse description in Daggerfall
- Pocket Guide to the Empire, 1st Edition: Skyrim — Imperial Geographical Society, 2E 864
- Walking the World, Vol XI — Spatior Munius
- Pocket Guide to the Empire, 1st Edition: Aldmeri Dominion — Imperial Geographical Society, 2E 864
- The Daggerfall Chronicles family tree
- Atlas of Dragons — Brother Mathnan
- The Third Era Timeline — Jaspus Ignateous
- Brief History of the Empire v 2 — Stronach k'Thojj III
- The Madness of Pelagius — Tsathenes
- Events of Skyrim
- Pocket Guide to the Empire, 3rd Edition: The Seat of Sundered Kings: Cyrodiil — Imperial Geographical Society, 3E 432
- A Life of Uriel Septim VII — Rufus Hayn
- The Oblivion Crisis — Praxis Sarcorum, Imperial Historian
- Order of the Hour — Exordor Vasidius, Sermonizer, Priest of Akatosh
- Statue of Cavor Merula
- Knightsgrave: Legend or Legacy — Chanter Wobolan, Cathedral Historian
- Fragment: On Artaeum — Taurce il-Anselma
- The Doors of Oblivion — Seif-ij Hidja
- Curano's Journal — Curano
- Brief History of the Empire v 3 — Stronach k'Thojj III
- Brief History of the Empire v 4 — Stronach k'Thojj III
- The Fall of the Usurper — Palaux Illthre
- Events of Battlespire
- Clarentavious Valisious' dialogue in Battlespire
- Letter to the Grand Marshall of the Imperial Legion — Clarentavious Valisious
- House Tharn of Nibenay — Count Opius Voteporix
- Chronicles of the Five Companions 4 — Abnur Tharn
- Anchorite's Log
- Events of ESO
- Artifact Dialog — The Imperial Library
- The Library of Dusk: Rare Books
- The Origins of Conjuration
- Once — Beredalmo the Signifier
- Principles of Conjuration — Corvus Direnni
- A Life of Strife and Struggle — King Laloriaran Dynar
- Wayshrines of Tamriel — Beredalmo the Signifier
- King Edward
- Fall of Vitharn
- Eustacia's Dialogue in Dawnstar
- Events and Message Boxes throughout the quest in Dawnstar
Note: the following references are not from official sources. They are included to provide a rounder background to this article, but may not reflect established lore.