Lore: Yoku

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Yoku, sometimes called Old Redguard[1] or Old Yokudan,[2] was the ancient native language of Yokuda. After the Yokudan migration to Hammerfell around 1E 808, the settlers began to assimilate into the larger Tamrielic theater and the language was almost entirely replaced to help stabilize foreign trade.[3] However, certain groups of Yokudans maintained their language and traditions outside of mainstream Redguard society.[4] By the late Third Era, the language was still spoken, albeit rarely.[5] There is a regional variant of Yoku known as the Banthan dialect. It derives from the eponymous region of Bantha.[1]

Yoku has 48 different versions of the word "honor", which all trace their roots to ugak-ta.[UOL 1]

Yoku DictionaryEdit

AEdit

Abah
Filthy, unclean;[6] also the name of an ancient Yokudan warrior
Ajcea
Downward spiral (n.) [7]
Anka-Ra
Former warrior, old warrior [8]
Ansei
Sword Saint (n.) [9] Shortened variant of the less common term "Hel Ansei"
Anseilak
Communion (n.) [10]
Anselim
Stop, to cease [2]
Ansu-Gurleht
Vehk the Circle Talker [UOL 1]

BEdit

Baranth Do
"Goodbye to the Beast of Last Year" [10]
Bateki matana
Soulgem (n.) [11]
Bologra
Temple (n.) [12]

DEdit

Den
To be, is [11][12]
Dan
Have (v.) [11]
Daibethe
Sun
Do
Of; sometimes also 'at'. Also marks the object of the verb napere 'to find' [11]
Dogo
He/she, him/her, his/her [11][12]
Dongo
Sister (n.) [12]
Dua
You, you, your, you, 'that one of yours' [11]
Duadra
Staying (verb in gerund form) [12]
Dui
About; meaning 'on the subject of' [11][12]
Duptra
Moving, acting restlessly (verb in gerund form) [12]

EEdit

Elden Yokeda
Military dictator [9]

GEdit

Ghraewaj
"The Crows Who Punish/Were Punished" [1]
Greklith
Strong King [13]
G'ye
Fabricator [14]

HEdit

Hadi
They, them, their, them [11]
Hattu
"The Father of Mountains" [9]
Hel
Sword (n.) [15][8]
Hel Ansei
Sword Saint [9]
Hel Anseilak
"Communion with the Saints of the Sword" [10]
Hel Shira
Sword Noble,[15][8] Blade Noble[8]
Hi
Difficult (adj.) [11]
Hi
Magic (n.) [11]
Hunding
"High Desert" [9]

KEdit

Kogo-hi
Guild of mages (n.) [11]
Kol-hadu-ranga
Lighthouse (n.) [11]
Koomu Alezer'i
"We Acknowledge" [10]
Kotu
Edge (of a weapon) [8][16]

LEdit

Lhotun
Second Boy [13]

MEdit

Mitana
Island (n.) [11]
Mluo
Cheese [7]
Mong
Need (n.) [11]
Mongo
Need (v.) [11]

NEdit

Na
Perhaps, maybe [11]
Napere
Find (v.); the preposition do 'of' is used before the object; 'napere sa do dongo' literally 'to find here of sister', and means 'here to find [my] sister' [11][12]
Na-Totambu
Kings and ruling bodies of Yokuda [3][17]
Ne
Against [11]
Netu
Turn [2]
Netu anselim
Small version of "turn back" [UOL 1]
No Lo'igra
Deceiver [14]
No Shira
Noble person [9]
Nogro
Body, form (n.) [11]

OEdit

Ongo
Tell (v.) [12]

REdit

Ra
Warrior [8][3]
Ra Gada
Warrior Wave [3]
Riglametha
"Grateful-offering" (Banthan dialect) [1]

SEdit

Sa
Here [11]
Sanloa M'Kai
Stros M'Kai [11][12]
Satak
Serpent [18][19]
Shehai
"Spirit Sword" or "Way of the spirit sword" [9]
Shira
Noble (n.) [15][8]
Shen She Ru
"Way of the" [20]
Sen
I, me, my, me [11]
Sogat kulogo
Resistance, revolution, rebellion (n.) [12]
Sogat kuloto
Resist, fend off, rebel (v.) [12]
Sura
"Cyrus" [14]

TEdit

Tang
Help (n.) [11]
Tengai
See (v.) [11]
Tobr'a
Useless, evil (adj.) [3]
Toktra
Searching for (verb in gerund form) [11]
Trangai
Farewell [11]
Tukta
For what reason, cause (n.) [12]
Tukta-mab'ro
Storyteller [14]

UEdit

Ueetonga
My son (n.); might be the same as uetonga [11]
Uetonga
Son (n.); might be the same as ueetonga [11]
Ugakta
Rage, be angry (v.) [11]
Ugak-ta
“I’m pretty mad” [UOL 1]
Ugo-no-
Far away from; prefixed to the object of being far away from; 'ugo-no-mitana' (far away from the island) [11]

VEdit

Vizier
Adviser/counsellor [21]

YEdit

Yarban
A measurement of time (unspecified) [8][16]
Yokeda
Lord (of War),[9][8] Leader[8]

Words of unknown meaningEdit

The following words are known to be Yoku, but their meaning is uncertain.

SentencesEdit

Naha 'mei dogo Ra Gada lonhe trai
"The Forebears know their place."[14]

Yokudan HolidaysEdit

Many of the holidays extant in modern Hammerfell are said to be direct translations of older Yokudan festivals before their migration to Hammerfell.[19]

  • Aduros Nau: The villages in the Bantha celebrate the baser urges that come with Springtide on Aduros Nau.
  • Baranth Do: Celebrated by the Redguards of the Alik'r Desert. Pageants featuring demonic representations of the old year are popular, and revelry to honor the new year is everywhere.
  • Chil'a: The blessing of the new year in the barony of Kairou, is both a sacred day and a festival. The archpriest and the baroness each consecrate the ashes of the old year in solemn ceremony, then street parades, balls, and tournaments conclude the event.
  • Drigh R'Zimb: Held in the hottest time of year in Abibon-Gora, is a jubilation held for the sun Daibethe itself.
  • Ghraewaj: A festival of the graces the gods have granted the people of Lainlyn over the centuries.
  • Koomu Alezer'i: A tradition in Sentinel for thousands of years. The people of Sentinel solemnly thank the gods for their bounty, and pray to be worthy of the graces of the gods.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d GhraewajTidasus
  2. ^ a b c The Horse-Folk of SilverhoofDoctor Nabeth al-Gilane, Khefrem Academy of Yokudan Heritage
  3. ^ a b c d e Pocket Guide to the Empire, 1st Edition: HammerfellImperial Geographical Society, 2E 864
  4. ^ Events of Redguard
  5. ^ Lord of Souls — Gregory Keyes
  6. ^ Members of the Hew's Bane Thieves Guild Answer Your Questions — Walks-Softly, Kari Coin-Counter, Velsa, Zeira, Thrag, Andarri
  7. ^ a b The Alik'rEnric Milres
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Elenaire's JournalElenaire
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Redguards, Their History and Their HeroesDestri Melarg
  10. ^ a b c d Holidays in Daggerfall
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Saban's dialogue in Redguard
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Coyle's dialogue in Redguard
  13. ^ a b Death Certificate in Daggerfall
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i The Origin of Cyrus!Michael Kirkbride
  15. ^ a b c Hel Shira's Fancy Camel Goad contraband item in ESO
  16. ^ a b The Book of Circles: Forging MaximsFrandar Hunding
  17. ^ Pocket Guide to the Empire, 3rd Edition: The Ra Gada: HammerfellImperial Geographical Society, 3E 432
  18. ^ The Monomyth
  19. ^ a b Holidays of the Iliac BayTheth-i
  20. ^ Divad the SingerDestri Melarg
  21. ^ Vizier Yeqdah

Note: the following references are not from official sources. They are included to provide a rounder background to this article, but may not reflect established lore.

  1. ^ a b c d Lord Vivec's Sword-Meeting With Cyrus the Restless